Here is a chart listing Organisational structures for typical WWII units. I did not create this and claim no right to it I am just using it for background material in my campaign. If you would like to see where it originally cam from then please go here.

1.0 Introduction.
2. American Organisations.
3 British Organisations.
4 Belgium. Europe
5 Chinese and North Korean, Korea 1950 to 1953.
6 Checz 1938 to 1939.
7 Finnish Army 1939 to1944.
8 French 1939 to 1941.
9 German Formations.
10 Hungarian Formations
11 Italian Formations.
12 Japanese Formations
13 Polish Formations.
14 Russian Formations.

Return to Main Generation Hero Page



Organisations For Ten Rounds Rapid.

1.0 Introduction.

This covers most of the major armies used in World War II, plus the Korean War combatants, since they are very similar to World War Two armies. Some of the data has had to be invented, due to lack of information. Although they have been written for "Ten Rounds Rapid", they can be used with any set of rules for 20 mm figures, and are suitable for use with 15 mm ones as well. The armies are organised alphabetically, with aircraft at the end in a combined table. Supply vehicles have been omitted, with the exception of those for artillery units, and some of the recovery vehicles are guesses. You can omit them if you wish, or distribute them to lower sub - units. (Figures in brackets are the number of vehicles they represent).

Return to top of page



2. American Organisations.

The US Army platoon is similar, but with different rank titles. At the start of the War, the US Army promoted
every soldier one rank. They have the same number of troops, just different titles (a PFC is a Private First Class).
The platoon has a lieutenant assisted by a staff sergeant and a slightly larger headquarters. Instead of a mortar
and a PIAT, the headquarters has two light machine guns and a Bazooka anti-tank launcher.

The three sections (called squads) and are commanded by a sergeant. The sergeant has a specialist scout and a
sniper as well as a fire team armed with a BAR automatic rifle. The corporal (2ic to the sergeant) commands
another fire team with rifle grenades and rifles. With their rapid-firing semiautomatic Garand rifles, the two fire
teams overwhelm the enemy with fire and work their way forward together.

US Army Squad

Sergeant - M3 'Grease Gun' SMG, 2 x Ammo, Grenades
Sniper - M1 Springfield Sniper Rifle + Ammo, Grenades
Scout - M1 Garand Rifle, 2 x Ammo, Grenades
BAR man - BAR LMG, 2 x Ammo
Assistant BAR man - M1 Garand Rifle + Ammo, 2 x BAR Ammo
Grenadier - M1 Garand Rifle + Ammo, Grenade Launcher, 2 x Grenade Launcher Ammo
Corporal - M1 Garand Rifle + Ammo, BAR Ammo, Grenades
PFC- M1 Garand Rifle + Ammo, BAR Ammo, Grenades
PFC- M1 Garand Rifle + Ammo, BAR Ammo, Grenades
PFC- M1 Garand Rifle + Ammo, BAR Ammo, Grenades
PFC- M1 Garand Rifle + Ammo, BAR Ammo, Grenades
PFC- M1 Garand Rifle + Ammo, BAR Ammo, Grenades

2. A American Infantry Regimental HQ 1942 - 43. Men have SLR

HQ Company : 1 CO, 3 Officers, 13 Men with SLR, 1 Man with Bazooka, 1 Man with Radio, 1 15cwt, 1 Jeep.

Regimental A/T Company 1 Officer, 3 Men with 1 jeep,

3 15cwt(3) towing 37 mm M3A1(4), or 1 57 mm M1(4) (from 1943 ).

Regimental Gun Company 1 Officer, 3 men with 1 Jeep, 2 T19 HMC(M3 1/2 Track with 105 mm) (3)or 2 M3 105 mm Howitzers(3) towed by 2 1/2 tonne lorries.

2 B Infantry Battalions 1942-43 (3 per regimental HQ) . Men have SLR.

HQ Section 1 CO, 1 Officer, 2 Men, 1 Jeep. 1 Man Bazooka, 1 Man with Radio.

3 Infantry Companies 9 Men SLR, 1 Man LMG.

1 Support Company HQ 1 Officer, 2 Men SLR, 2 Men Bazooka. 1 15cwt.

1 Platoon 4 Men operating 2 MMG, 3 Men operating 0.5" HMG.

1 Platoon 1 FOO, 2 81 mm mortars(3).

1 Battalion A/T Platoon 1 Officer, 3 Men, 1 37 mm M3A1(3), 1 15 cwt.

May motorise with 1 15cwt for HQ, 1 Jeep, 1 2 1/2 Tonne Lorry per Infantry Company,

1 2 1/2 Tonne lorry for the MG platoon, 1 Jeep, 2 15cwt for the Mortar Plt.

2 C Tank Regimental HQ Section 1942-43

HQ Section 1 M4 A1 Sherman(3), 1 M4A1 Sherman (3)

or 1 M3 Lee(3), 1 M3 Lee(3)

2 D Medium or Lt Tank Battalion 1942 - 43.

HQ Section 1 M 2 or M3 1/2 Track(1) carrying CO * and 2 Officers, 1 Man with Radio.

2 M3 A3 Or M5 Lt tanks(3),

or 2 M4A1 Sherman (3)

or 2 M3 Lee (3)

1 M31(3) or 10 tonne Wrecker(3) * CO may be in a tank instead.

3 Tank Companies 3 M3 A3 or M5 Lt Tanks (5) or 3 M4A1 Shermans (5), or 3 M3 Lee(5)

1 Combat Support Company 1 M2 or M3 1/2 Track(2) carrying 1 Officer, 1 Man bazooka, 1 Man SLR.

1 Recce Platoon 1 Jeep/HMG (5).

1 Howitzer Platoon 1 T30 HMC (3), or 1 M8 HMC( 3) (from 1943 onwards.)

1 Mortar Platoon 1 M4 MMC(3).

Note All tanks in a battalion are of the same type. M3 A3 and Lees may not be used with M8 HMC.

2 E Armoured Infantry Battalion 1942 - 1943. HQ Section 1 M2 1/2 Track(2) carrying CO, 2 Officers. 1 Man with Radio,

1 M2 1/2 Track carrying 1 Man Bazooka, 1 Man with Radio, 3 Men

1 10 Tonne Wrecker(3)

3 Armoured Infantry Companies 1 M2 1/2 Track(5) carrying 1 Man Bazooka, 1 Man LMG, 8 Men SLR

1 M2 1/2 Track(4) towing 37 mm M3A1(4), with 3 crew,

2 men operating MMG, 2 Men operating 60 mm Mortar.

1 Combat Support Company 1 M2 1/2 Track(2) carrying 1 Officer, 1 Man Bazooka, 4 Men.

1 Recce Platoon 1 Jeep/ HMG (5).

1 MG Platoon 1 M2 1/2 Track(3) carrying 6 men Operating 3 MMG.

1 Mortar Platoon 1 M4 MMC (3).

2 F Tank Destroyer Company 1942 - 43 ( 3 Companies + Recce Company make up a battalion.)

1 M3 Scout Car(2) carrying 1 Officer, 1 Man Bazooka, 4 Men

3 M6 GMC(4) (15cwt carrying 37 mm M3A1)

or 3 M3 GMC (4) (M3 1/2 Track with 75 mm L30)

or 3 M10 GMC (4) (Only from 1943.)

may add 1 Platoon 1 M15(4).

NB : M3 and M6 platoons may be mixed in the same company, M10s may not be used with either of the other types.

2 G Tank Destroyer Recce Company 1942 - 1943.

HQ 1 M3 Scout Car(2) carrying 1 Officer, 1 Man Bazooka, 4 Men

1 Platoon 3 Jeeps/HMG(6)

1 Platoon 1 M3 Scout Car(2) carrying 1 Man Bazooka, 5 Men.

2 H Cavalry Troop 1942 - 43 ( 3 troops + 1 Lt Tank company make up a squadron)

HQ 1 M3 Scout Car(2) carrying 1 Officer, 1 Man Bazooka, 4 Men

1 M3 Scout Car(2) carrying 1 Man Bazooka, 5 Men.

3 Platoons 1 Jeep/HMG(6)

2 I Artillery Battalions . (this applies throughout the war, and for Korea. )

HQ 1 15cwt(1) or M3 1/2 Track(0.3")(1) carrying CO + 1 Officer and 1 Man with Radio, 3 Men. 1 10 Tonne Wrecker(3)

3 FOO Teams 1 Jeep carrying FOO, 1 Man, or 1 M20(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man,

or M5 Lt tank(1), or M4A3 Sherman(1),(Only for Armoured)

or 1 Grasshopper Lt Aircraft. (Only for Heavy)

3 Batteries Towed 1 M2 105 mm(4) or 1 M14 155 mm (4) towed by 2 1/2 Tonne lorries.

1 2 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) with Trailer.

Armoured 2 T19(4) or M7 Priests(4), 1 M3 1/2 Track(0.3") with Trailer(2).

Priests from 1943, T19 until 1943, they may not be mixed.

Heavy 1 M1 155 mm(4), or 1 M12 155 mm SP or 1 M1 or M2 203 mm.

Towed guns are towed by 5 tonne lorries or H.S.Ts.

1 5 tonne Lorry(2) with trailer.

Note for Korea, towed batteries have 2 models of strength 3, Chemical Batteries may also be used, these are organised as a Towed battery, with 4.2" mortars, and are towed by 15 cwts rather than 2 1/2 Tonne lorries.

2 J American Armoured Combat Command HQ Europe 1944/5 (may command up to 3 Battalions + supports)

HQ : 1 M4A3 Sherman(3), 1 M5 Stuart(3),

1 M3 1/2 Track(2) carrying 1 Officer, 1 NCO, 1 Man with Radio,

5 Men SLR, 2 Men with Bazooka.

2 K American Medium Tank Battalion. 1943 - 1945

HQ 1 M4A3 Sherman(3), 1 M31 (3) or M32(3) Recovery Vehicle.

1 Lt Tank Company 3 M5 Stuart(5), or M24 Chaffee(5)

3 Medium Tank Companies 3 M4A3 Shermans (5)

1 Assault Gun Platoon 1 M8 HMC(3) or 1 M4(105 mm) (3)

1 Mortar Platoon 1 M4 or M21 MMC(4)

1 Recce Platoon 1 Jeep/HMG (5)

From July 1944 M4s may be upgraded to M4A3 (76). The following numbers may be upgraded :

To December 1944 - 1 vehicle per company, or 1 Company.

To March 1944 - 2 vehicles per company

From March 1944 any or all vehicles.

From July 1944 M8 HMCs may not be used. If any 76 mm are used an additional platoon these must be added, and this may be added from July 1944.

M24s may be used from December 1944.

From December 1944 1 Platoon of 1 M26(5) may be added. It is either part of HQ or part of a Medium company.

2 L American Armoured Infantry Battalion. 1943 - 1945

HQ 1 Jeep with HMG(3) carrying 1 Officer, 1 NCO with Radio 3 Armoured Infantry Companies 1 M3 1/2 Track(0.3")(3) carrying 9 Riflemen, 1 Man with Bazooka.

(But assume it has an LMG)

1 A/T Platoon 1 M3 1/2 Track(0.5")(3) towing 57 mm A/TG (3) with 4 crew.

1 Lt Mortar platoon 1 M3 1/2 Track(0.3")(3) carrying 5 men, 2 Men with 60 mm Mtr, 1 Man with Bazooka.

1 MG Platoon 1 M3 1/2 Track(0.5")(3) carrying 1 0.5" HMG operated by 3 men, 2 0.3" MMG operated by 2 men each, 2 men with Bazooka. 1 Assault Gun Platoon 1 M7 HMC(3).

1 Mortar Platoon 1 M4 or M21 MMC(4)

1 Recce Platoon 1 Jeep/HMG (5)

2 M American Infantry Regimental HQ 1943 - 45. Men have SLR

HQ Company : 1 CO, 3 Officers, 13 Men with SLR, 1 Man with Bazooka, 1 Man with Radio, 1 15cwt, 1 Jeep.

Regimental A/T Company 1 Officer, 3 Men with 1 jeep,

3 Platoons 1 15cwt towing 1 57 mm M1(4) (from 1943 onwards).

regimental Gun Company 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio 2 men with 1 Jeep, 2 M3 105 mm Howitzers(3) towed by 2 1/2 tonne lorries, 1 2 1/2 Tonne lorry towing Trailer.

2 N American Infantry Battalions 1943-45 (3 per regimental HQ) . Men have SLR.

HQ Section 1 CO, 1 Officer, 2 Men, 1 Jeep. 1 Man Bazooka, 1 Man with Radio.

3 Infantry Companies 1 Officer, 8 Men SLR, 1 Man LMG.

1 Support Company HQ 1 Officer, 2 Men SLR, 2 Men Bazooka. 1 15cwt.

1 Platoon 4 Men operating 2 MMG, 3 Men operating 0.5" HMG.

1 Platoon 1 Officer, 2 81 mm mortars(3).

1 Battalion A/T Platoon 1 Officer, 3 Men, 1 57 mm M1(3), 1 15 cwt.

May motorise with 1 15cwt for HQ, 1 Jeep, 1 2 1/2 Tonne Lorry per Infantry Company,

1 2 1/2 Tonne lorry for the MG platoon, 1 Jeep, 2 15cwt for the Mortar Plt.

2 O American SP Tank Destroyer Company 1944 - 45

1 M20 (2) carrying 1 Officer, 1 Man Bazooka,

3 M10(4), or 3 M18(4), or 3 M36(4) (from October 1944)

1 Platoon 1 M8 Armoured Car(2), 1 Jeep HMG(5).
 
 

2 P American Towed Tank Destroyer Company 1944 - 45

1 M20 (2) carrying 1 Officer, 1 Man Bazooka,

3 M 3 1/2 Tracks(4), towing 3" A/T Guns, 5 Crew.

2 Q American Cavalry Troop, 1943 - 1953. (Note for Korea may only use M24s and M8 HMC are not available)

HQ 1 M8 A/Car(3), 1 Jeep/HMG(3) 1 10 Tonne Wrecker(3)

3 Platoons 1 M8 A/Car(3), 1 Jeep/HMG(6)

May Add 1 M5(5) or 1 M24 (5) (For dates on M24 see Tank Battalion)

May Add 1 M8 HMC(3)

2 R American AA Platoons 1942 - 1953

1 M13(4) or M15(4), or M16(4) or M19(4)

(M13 to 1943 only, M19 in Korea only).

or 1 M51 quad 0.5"(4) towed by 2 1/2 tonne Lorry (4)

or 1 37 mm M1 or 40 mm M1 towed by 2 1/2 tonne Lorry(4)

2 S American Infantry Regimental HQ Korea 1950 to 1953. (May command up to 3 Battalions + supports).

HQ 1 CO, 2 Officers, 1 Man with radio, 4 Men

2 T American Infantry Battalion Korea 1950 to 1953.

HQ 1 CO, 2 Officers, 1 Man with radio, 4 Men,

1 Man with Bazooka or Panzershreck.

3 Infantry Companies 9 Men with SLR, 1 Man LMG,

1 Support Company HQ 1 Officer, 1 Man with radio, 1 Man with Bazooka or Panzershreck.

1 Platoon 3 Jeeps(3) with 75 mm RCL.

2 Platoons 4 Men operating 2 0.3" MMG, 3 Men operating 1 0.5" HMG.

1 Platoon 9 Men operating 3 60 mm Mortars(3)

1 Platoon 1 FOO, 1 Man with radio, 6 men opening 81 mm Mortar(6)

Note : the Panzershreck represents the 3.5" Rocket Launchers. This is also used to represent the South Korean army in which case only Bazooka may be used. 2 V American Tank Battalion Korea 1950 to 1953

Use the 1943 to 45 Tank battalion, with no combat support company, Assault Gun platoons may be used. Tanks may be M4A3 E8, M24, M26, or M46. If attached to an infantry battalion only one company can be fielded. There are 4 companies in this unit, all with the same tank type. In M24 units there are no assault guns, in M26 and M46 units the M4 105s are replaced by M26/105 (possibly designated M27). M4 105s may replace the co- axial MG with a flamethrower.

Return to top of page



3 British Organisations. 

These organisations have had some divisional assets added to brigades and battalions to reflect the normal practices. They are noted as Attached and may be removed, and re-concentrated. Infantry are deliberately under strength. 79th Armoured Division may be used by the Americans.

A Commonwealth platoon is a unit of 37 soldiers under the command of a second lieutenant (pronounced
left-tenant in the Commonwealth and loo-tenant in the United States). A second lieutenant is the lowest rank of
officer, ranking beneath a captain and a first lieutenant. The lieutenant's second-in-command (2ic) is a sergeant.
While the lieutenant makes plans and issues the orders, the sergeant looks after the day-to-day running of the
platoon.

The platoon has a headquarters section and three rifle sections. The headquarters section has the lieutenant, the
sergeant, lieutenant's runner (who is also his batman or manservant), and two weapons teams, on with a light 2"
mortar and one with a PIAT anti-tank launcher. These two teams support the rifle sections as needed.

A corporal commands each rifle section of ten soldiers with a lance corporal as 2ic. The rifle sections are divided
into assault groups and gun groups. The lance corporal's gun group, armed with a Bren light machine gun, covers
the assault group, under the corporal, as they work their way round the enemy flank to attack.

Commonwealth Section

Corporal - Sten SMG, 2 x Ammo, Grenades
Private- SMLE Rifle + Ammo, Bren Ammo, Grenades
Private- SMLE Rifle + Ammo, Bren Ammo, Grenades
Private- SMLE Rifle + Ammo, Bren Ammo, Grenades
Private- SMLE Rifle + Ammo, Bren Ammo, Grenades
Private- SMLE Rifle + Ammo, 2" Mortar Ammo, Grenades
Lance Corporal - SMLE Rifle + Ammo, Bren Ammo, Grenades
Bren No. 1 - Bren LMG + Ammo
Bren No. 2 - SMLE Rifle + Ammo, 2 x Bren Ammo
Private- SMLE Rifle + Ammo, Bren Ammo, Grenades

3 A British Infantry Brigade HQ, 1939 to 1953.

HQ 1 CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios, 1 Man with LMG, 1 Man with ATR or PIAT or Bazooka (ATR to 1943, PIAT to 1945, Bazooka in Korea).

1 A/T Battery (Not in Korea) 3 Tractors(4) towing 2 pdr(4) (to 1943)or 6 pdr(4)(from 1942) or 17 pdr(4) (See below for SP batteries) (from 1943), 2 and 6 pdr may be Portee, In 1944 6 pdr may be towed by carriers, and 17 pdr by M5 1/2 Tracks, or Crusader Gun Towers.

1 LAA Battery (Not in Korea) 4 Tractors(4) towing 40 mm Bofors(4) AA

3 B British Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1942

HQ 1 CO, 2 Officers, 1 Man with Radio, 2 Men, 1 Man with ATR, 1 Man with 2" Mortar.

4 Companies 7 Men with Rifle, 1 Man with LMG.

1 Carrier Platoon 3 Universal carriers with 9 men operating 1 ATR, 1 2" Mortar, and 3 LMG.

1 Mortar Platoon 1 15 cwt carrying 3 men and 1 3" Mortar(2).

1 A/T Platoon 1 15 cwt(4) carrying French 25 mm(4) with 4 Crew (4).(Only on France)

1 Pioneer Platoon 4 men, 1 with Flame-thrower,

1 MMG Platoon 1 15cwt(2) carrying 6 men with 2 Vickers MMG. (Attached)

3 C British Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1945

HQ 1 CO, 2 Officers, 1 Man with Radio, 2 Men, 1 Man with PIAT,

1 Man with 2" Mortar.

4 Rifle Companies 7 Men with Rifle, 1 Man with LMG.

1 Carrier Platoon 3 Universal carriers with 9 men operating 1 PIAT, 1 2" Mortar, and 3 LMG.

1 Mortar Platoon 2 Universal Carriers each carrying 3 men and 1 3" Mortar(3).

1 A/T Platoon 1 Universal Carrier (4) towing 6 pdr A/Tk gun(4) with 4 Crew (4).

1 Pioneer Platoon 1 Universal Carrier (2) with 4 men, 1 with Flame-thrower, 1 MMG Platoon (Attached) 2 Universal Carriers (2) each carrying 3 men with 1 Vickers MMG. May Add 5 Kangaroos, 1 for HQ & 1 for each Rifle Company, in Europe from 7/1944

Note for Italy in 1944 and 1945 many battalions had only 3 Rifle Companies.

3 D British Infantry Battalion Korea 1950 to 1953. (Carrier Platoon may operate dismounted)

HQ 1 CO, 2 Officers, 1 Man with Radio, 6 Men, 1 Man with Bazooka,

1 Man with 2" Mortar.

4 Companies 7 Men with Rifle, 1 Man with LMG.

1 Carrier Platoon 3 Universal carriers with 9 men operating 1 PIAT, 1 2" Mortar, and 3 LMG.

1 Mortar Platoon 6 Men and 2 3" Mortar(3).

1 Pioneer Platoon 4 men, 1 with Flame-thrower,

1 MMG Platoon 6 men with 2 Vickers MMG.

Note : For a Europe reduce HQ by 4 men, add a 120 mm RCL(4), Jeep(4), 4 Crew. 3 E British Machine Gun Battalion 1939 to 1945 (Note this unit is incorporated as MG platoons in the battalions). HQ 1 CO, 2 Officers, 1 Man with Radio, 2 Men.

3 Companies 3 15 cwt(4) each carrying 2 Vickers MMG with 2 Crew

or (Europe from 1943) 6 Universal Carriers(2) carrying 1 Vickers MMG with 2 Crew

1 15 cwt(4) towing 4.2" Mortar(4) with 5 Crew.

1 Wasp Flame Thrower(6) [NW Europe only from late 1944) Note in the Far East from 1943 onwards 15 cwt could be replaced by Mules.

3 F British Armoured Brigade HQ France 1939 - 1940.

HQ 1 15 cwt carrying CO, 1 Officer, 2 Men with radios.

1 Troop 1 A9(3) or 1 A10(3), or A13 Mk I(3), or A13 Mk II(3) 3 G British Armoured Brigade HQ North Africa and Europe 1940 to 1945.

HQ 1 Armoured Command Vehicle carrying CO, 1 Officer, 2 Men with radios.

1 Troop 1 A9(4) to 1941, or 1 A10(4) to 1941, or A13 Mk II (to 1941)

or 1 Crusader I(4) to 1942, or Crusader II( 4)

or Sherman I/II/V(4) from October 1942 .

3 H British Cruiser Regiment France and North Africa 1939 to July 1941.

HQ 1 15 cwt carrying 2 Officer, 2 Men with radios. 1 10 Tonne Wrecker(3)

1 Troop(CO) 1 A9(3) or 1 A10(3) or 1 A13 Mk I(3), or 1 A13 Mk II(3)

1 Troop 3 A9 CS(3).

1 or 2 Squadrons 4 A9(3), or 4 A10(3), or 4 A13 Mk I(3), or 4 A13 Mk II(3)

1 or 2 Squadrons 4 Vickers Lt Mk VIB(3) or Vickers Lt Mk VI C.

Up to 1 Squadron 4 M13/40(3) [This may only be used with 2 Lt Squadrons)

1 Motor Company (Attached) 1 15cwt (4)carrying 1 Man LMG, 1 Man ATR, 6 Men with Rifle.

1 15 cwt (4)carrying 1 3" Mortar(2), 3 Crew, 2 Men with 1 Vickers MMG

1 Platoon 3 Universal carriers with 9 men operating 1 ATR, 1 2" Mortar, and 3 LMG.

Only 3 Squadrons may be used per regiment.

3 G British Cruiser Regiment North Africa July 1941 to May 1942.

HQ 1 Armoured Command Vehicle carrying 2 Officer, 2 Men with radios.

1 10 Tonne Wrecker(3)

1 Troop(CO) 1 A13 Mk II(4), or Crusader Mk I(4), or Crusader Mk II(4) or 1 Stuart(4)

1 Troop 2 A13 Mk II CS(3), or Crusader Mk I CS(3) or Crusader Mk II CS(2),

or 2 Stuart (3).

3 Squadrons 4 A13 Mk II(3) or 4 Crusader Mk I(3) or Crusader Mk II(3) or 4 Stuart(3).

1 Motor Company (Attached) 1 15cwt (4)carrying 1 Man LMG, 1 Man ATR, 6 Men with Rifle.

1 15 cwt (4)carrying 1 3" Mortar(2), 3 Crew, 2 Men with 1 Vickers MMG

1 Platoon 3 Universal carriers with 9 men operating 1 ATR, 1 2" Mortar, and 3 LMG. Note only A13 and Crusader I may be mixed, A13 may not be used after December 1941.

3 H British Cruiser Regiment North Africa June 1942 to October 1942. HQ 1 Armoured Command Vehicle carrying 2 Officer, 2 Men with radios.

1 10 tonne Wrecker(3)

1 Troop(CO) 1 Crusader Mk II(4) or 1 Stuart(4), or Grant(3)

1 Troop 2 Crusader Mk II CS(2), or 2 Stuart (3).

1 or 2 Squadrons 4 Crusader Mk II(3) or 4 Stuart(3).

1 or 2 Squadrons 4 Grant(4) or Lee(4)

1 Motor Company (Attached) 1 15cwt (4)carrying 1 Man LMG, 1 Man ATR, 6 Men with Rifle.

1 15 cwt (4)carrying 1 3" Mortar(2), 3 Crew,

1 Universal Carrier(4) carrying 2 Men with 1 Vickers MMG

1 Platoon 3 Universal carriers with 9 men operating 1 ATR, 1 2" Mortar, and 3 LMG

Note : Regiments have either 2 Crusader Squadrons, and 1 Grant Squadrons, or 1 Stuart and 2 Grant Squadrons. If 2 Grant Squadrons are used delete the CS troop.

3 I British Cruiser Regiment North Africa & Tunisia October 1942 to May 1943. (See notes for Organisation)

HQ 1 Armoured Command Vehicle carrying 2 Officer, 2 Men with radios.

1 10 tonne wrecker(3).

1 Troop (CO) 2 Crusader II(3) or Crusader III(3), 1 Crusader II CS(4)

or 1 Troop 2 Sherman I or II(4), or 2 Stuart(4)

1 AA Troop 1 Vickers Lt AA(4)

1 or 2 Squadrons 4 Crusader II(3), may replace up to 2 Crusaders with Crusader III(3)

1 or 2 Squadrons 5 Sherman I or II (3)

Up to 1 Squadron 4 Grant(3) or Lee(3)

or 3 Squadrons 4 Stuart(3)

or 3 Squadrons 2 Crusader III(3), 2 Valentine VII(3)

1 Motor Company (Attached) 1 15cwt (4)carrying 1 Man LMG, 1 Man ATR, 6 Men with Rifle.

1 15 cwt (4)carrying 1 3" Mortar(2), 3 Crew,

1 Universal Carrier(4) carrying 2 Men with 1 Vickers MMG

1 Platoon 3 Universal carriers with 9 men operating 1 ATR, 1 2" Mortar, and 3 LMG Note : For Eight Army the regiment may use Crusader II or Sherman HQ, with 1 or 2 Crusader Squadrons, and 1 or 2 Sherman Squadrons, or 1 each of Crusader, Sherman and Grant. Stuarts represent 4th (Lt) Armoured Brigade.

For 1st Army Use the Crusader III HQ with the mixed Crusader/Valentine Squadrons.

3 J British Medium Armoured Regiment Europe 1943 to 1945.

HQ 1 Armoured Command Vehicle carrying 2 Officer, 2 Men with radios.

1 Sherman or Cromwell ARV(3) (Use same type as rgts tanks)

1 Troop(CO) 2 Sherman I or II(4) or 1 Cromwell IV(4), 2 Cromwell VII(4)

or 1 Comet (4), 2 Cromwell VII(4) [29th Armd Brig from 3/45]

2 Troops 4 Daimler Dingo(3)

1 Troop 2 Crusader II AA(4), or 2 Centaur AA(4), [North West Europe 6/44 to 8/44].

3 Squadrons 4 Sherman III or V(3)

or 3 Cromwell IV(3), 1 Sherman Firefly(4) [22nd Armd Brig NW Europe ]

or 4 Comet(4) [North West Europe 6/44 to 8/44].

1 Squadron 3 Stuart V(3)

Upgrades North West Europe : To 7/44 1 Sherman per Squadron must be Firefly,

from 7/44 two may be, from 1/45 all may

Italy: from 5/44 1 Sherman per Squadron may be 76 mm, from 3/45 2 may be.

3 K British Armoured Recce Regiment N. W. Europe 1944 to 1945. HQ 1 Armoured Command Vehicle carrying 2 Officer, 2 Men with radios.

1 Cromwell ARV(3)

1 Troop(CO) 1 Cromwell VIIw(4), 2 Cromwell VII(4)

3 Squadrons 4 Cromwell VIIw(3), 1 Stuart V(3)

From 10/44 replace 1 Cromwell with Challenger(3)

3 L British Tank Squadron Korea 1950

5 Churchill VII(3)

3 L British Armoured Regiment Korea 1951 to 1953

HQ 1 Centurion III or V(3)

3 Squadrons 5 Centurion III or V(3) or 5 M4A3E8(3)[ M4s are Canadian)

1 Squadron 3 Cromwell VIIw(3) (1951 only, not with M4)

3 M British Motor Battalion Europe 1943 to 1945. HQ 1 White Scout Car(2) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man PIAT, 2 Men with 2" Mortar, 2 Men Rifle.

3 Companies 1 M5 1/2 Track carrying 1 Man LMG, 7 Men Rifle.

1 Platoon 3 Universal carriers with 9 men operating 1 PIAT, 1 2" Mortar, and 3 LMG

1 Platoon 2 Universal Carriers(3) towing 6 pdr(3) with 4 Crew.

2 Platoons 1 Universal Carrier(4) carrying 1 Vickers MMG with 2 Crew.

3 N British Infantry Tank Regiment 1939 - 1940 France. HQ 1 Matilda Mk II(3)[CO], 1 Matilda Mk II(3), 1 Vickers Lt MkVIB(5)

3 Squadrons 2 Matilda Mk II(3), 3 Matilda Mk I(3)

Note Squadrons may be attached to Infantry Battalions.

3 O British Infantry Tank Regiment North Africa 1940 to 1943.

HQ 1 Matilda Mk II (3) [CO], 1 Matilda Mk II(2), 2 Matilda Mk II CS(3),

1 10 tonne wrecker.

or 1 Valentine Mk II (3) [CO], 1 Matidla Mk II(2), 2 Matilda Mk II CS(3)

or 1 Churchill III(4)[CO], 1 Churchill III(3), 2 Churchill V(3)

3 Squadrons 4 Matilda(3), or 4 Valentine II(3) or Churchill III(3)

Notes Matildas may only be used to 9/42, from 11/42 two Valentines may be upgraded to Valentine IX or X, Churchills may only be used in Tunisia. Squadrons may be attached to Infantry Battalions 3 P British Infantry Tank Regiment Italy 1943 to 1945. HQ 1 Churchill IV/NA75 or VI(4)[CO], 1 Churchill IV/NA75 or VI(3), 2 Churchill V(3).

1 Sherman or Churchill ARV(3)

3 Squadrons 2 Churchill IV/NA75, or VI(3), 2 Sherman III(3)

Notes Squadrons may be attached to Infantry battalions.

3 Q British Infantry Tank Regiment North West Europe 1944 - 45. HQ 1 Churchill VI or VII(4)[CO], 1 Churchill VI or VII(3), 2 Churchill V or VII(3).

1 Churchill ARV(3)

3 Squadrons 4 Churchill VI or VII(3).

Notes : Squadrons may be attached to Infantry Battalions. Churchills may also be Mk IXLT.

3 V British Field Artillery Regiment 1939 to 1952. (3 in an Infantry Division, 2 in an Armoured Division)

HQ 1 15cwt (2) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios. 1 10 Tonne Wrecker(3).

3 Batteries 2 Tractors(4) towing Field Gun(4), and Limber, 1 Tractor(4) towing 2 Limbers.

2 FOO Teams 1 Carrier(1) or Scout Car(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man radio.

Guns are : To 1940 18 pdr or 18/25 pdr.

To 1942 4.5" Howitzer.

1942 to 1943 Bishop (N. Africa and Scilly)

1942 to 1944 M7 Priest. (1945 ? in Italy)

1944 onwards Sexton (not in Korea)

Otherwise 25 pdr.

3 W British Medium Artillery Regiment 1939 to 1945 (These were not used in Korea).

HQ 1 15cwt (2) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios.1 10 Tonne Wrecker(3).

2 Batteries 1 5 Tonne Lorry towing Gun, 1 5 Tonne Lorry.

1 FOO Team 1 Carrier(1) or Scout Car(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man radio.

Guns are : 1939 to 1941 60 pdr or 6" Mk I.

1941 onwards 5.5" Howitzers. At Corp level 4.5" Guns for counter battery.

3 X British Heavy Regiment 1939 to 1945 (these were not used in North Africa or Korea) .

HQ 1 15cwt (2) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios.1 10 Tonne Wrecker(3). 4 Batteries 1 10 tonne Lorry or Tractor Towing Gun, 1 3 tonne Lorry.

Guns are 1939 to 1940 France 8" Howitzer.

1939 to 1943 7.2" Mk I to Mk IV

1942 onwards 7.2" Mk VI, US M1 155 mm, or 8" M1.

3 Y British SP Anti-Tank Battery 1943 to 1945.

1 Crusader AOP(3), 3 M10(4) or 3 M0 Achilles(4)[Achilles from 8/44 in NW Europe]

or 1 Valentine XII (3), 3 Archer(4) [10/44 NW Europe only]

May be attached to any Infantry Battalion or Armoured Regiment.

A Regiment has 3 Batteries, 1 or 2 SP, and 1 Towed as the Infantry Brigade HQ.

3 W British Armoured Car Regiment 1939 to 1940 France.

HQ 1 15cwt (2) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios. 1 Morris A/Car(3)

3 Squadrons 5 Morris A/Car(3)

3 Z British Armoured Car Regiment North Africa 1939 to December 1942. HQ 1 15cwt (2) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios. 1 10 tonne Wrecker(3)

1 Morris A/Car(3) or Humber Mk II A/Car(3) or 1 Marmon Herrington A/Car(3)

4 Squadrons 2 Morris(4), 2 Rolls Royce or Fordson(4)

or 5 Humber Mk II(3)

or 1 Marmon Herrington/20mm(4), 3 Marnon Herrington A/Car(3)

Note Morris and Rolls/Royce Fordson may only be used to June 1941.

3 AA British Armoured Car Regiment North Africa January to May 1943. HQ 1 15cwt (2) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios. 2 Humber Mk III A/Car(3)

2 Daimler Dingoes(3) 1 10 Tonne Wrecker.

4 Squadrons 1 Daimler A/Car(5), 2 Humber Mk III A/Car(5), 1 AEC Mk II A/Car(2)

3 AB British Armoured Car Regiment Italy 1943 to 1945. HQ 1 White Scout Car (2) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios.

5 Staghound I A/Car(4), 4 Daimler Dingo(3), 1 10 tonne wrecker(3)

4 Squadrons 3 Staghound A/Car(3), 3 Daimler Dingo(3), 1 M3 GMC(3),

1 M3 1/2 Track(3) carrying 1 Man PIAT, 1 Man LMG, 3 Men Rifles.

3 AC British Armoured Car Regiment North West Europe 1944 -1945. HQ 1 White Scout Car (2) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios.

1 Staghound A/Car(4), 4 Daimler Dingo(4), 1 Humber AA A/Car(4)

1 10 tonne wrecker(3)

4 Squadrons 1 Staghound A/Car(4), 2 Daimler A/Car(5) 2 Daimler Dingo(2), 1 AEC MkIII (2)

1 White Scout Car(3) carrying 1 Man PIAT, 1 Man LMG, 3 Men Rifles.

3 AD British Infantry Division Cavalry Regiment France 1939 to 1941.

HQ 1 15cwt (2) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios, 1 Vickers Lt Mk VIB(4). 3 Squadrons 2 Vickers Lt Mk VIB(4), 4 Carriers(3) each carrying 1 Man LMG, 2 Men Rifles.

3 AE British Infantry Divisional Cavalry Regiment Africa 1940 to October 1942

HQ 1 15cwt (2) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios.

3 Squadrons 4 Universal Carriers(5) each carrying 1 Man LMG, 2 Men Rifle,

1 Universal Carrier(4) carrying 3 Men with 3" Mortar(4).
 
 

3 AF British Infantry Divisional Recce Regiment Europe 1943 to 1945.

HQ 1 Humber Scout Car(4) [CO]

3 Squadrons 3 Humber Lt Recce(4),

3 Universal Carriers(3) each carrying 1 Man LMG, 2 Men Rifle.

1 Universal Carrier(4) towing 6pdr A/T(4), with 4 Crew.

1 Universal Carrier(2) carrying 3" Mortar(2) with 3 Crew.

3 AG Elements of British 79th Armoured Division N.W Europe 1944 - 45. These must be attached to other units. No more than 1 Companies worth of such elements may be attached to one unit.

Mine Clearing 1 - 3 Sherman Crab(4)

Flame Throwers 1 - 5 Churchill Crocodile(3)

ARVE Troops 1 - 4 Churchill AVRE(3)

Note : APC regiments are covered under the Infantry Battalion, Kangeroos can be replaced by Buffaloes for amphibious operations.
 

Return to top of page


4 Belgium. Europe 

This is army is estimated. The artillery is mostly German W. W. I weapons converted. As data on these is hard to find I have instead substituted French equivalents, the correct designations are given afterwards for those who wish to know. Armour was very limited, with one company of 12 vehicles per Infantry division. This has been allowed. From 1940 onwards the Belgiums organised an Infantry Brigade along British lines. Infantry have no A/T Grenades in this list.

4 A Belgium Infantry Regiment HQ 1939 to 1940. (May command 3 Battalions)

HQ CO, 2 Officers, 1 Man with radio, 4 Men.

1 A/Tk Company 2 Tractors(3) each towing French 47 mm L/50(3), with 3 Crew.

1 Mortar Company 3 Tractors(3) each carrying 1 81 mm Mortar(3) with 4 Crew.

4 B Belgium Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1940

HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man

3 Companies 1 Man LMG, 8 Men with Rifles.

1 Company 3 60 mm Mortars(6) with 4 Crew, 2 MMG with 3 Crew.

4 C Belgium Divisional Tank Company 1939 to 1940.

4 T13 Mk I(3) or 4 T13 Mk II(3), or 4 T13 Mk III(3)

Data T13 Mk I & II Defence 1, Fast, with French 47 mm L34.

T13 Mk III As above, with cx MG.

4 D Belgium Field Artillery Battalion 1939 to 1940.

HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man

3 Batteries 1 Tractor(4) towing French M1897 75 mm(4), 1 2 tonne Lorry(2)

1 OP team 1 FOO, 1 Man with radio.

Guns are actually Canon de 75 GP1, or GP11, or GP111. 4 E Belgium Corp Artillery Battalion 1939 to 1940.

HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man

2 Batteries 1 Tractor(4) towing Schnider 155 mm M17 howitzers , or Cokerill 120 mm M38,

or Schnider 105 mm M13. 2 3 tonne Lorries (2).

Return to top of page


5 Chinese and North Korean, Korea 1950 to 1953. 

This is an estimated army. Strictly speaking the tanks are North Korean only, but can be used by either. It has no aircraft, since they had very few if any tactical support aircraft.

5 A Chinese or Korean Regimental HQ 1950 to 1953. (May command 3 or 4 Battalions.)

HQ CO, 2 Officers, 1 Man Radio.

1 Mortar Company 3 82 mm Mortars(3) with 3 Crew, or 3 120 mm Mortars (3) with 4 Crew.

1 Engineer Company 1 Man with LMG, 1 Man with Flame Thrower, 4 Men with SMG

1 Gun Battery 2 SU 76m(3)

5 B Chinese or Korean Infantry Battalion 1950 to 1953 HQ CO, 3 Men with SMG, 1 Man Radio, 2 57 mm RCL(3) with 2 Crew.

3 Companies 1 Man LMG, 5 Men with rifles or SMG (the options are exclusive)

1 Company 3 MMG with 2 Crew.

1 Battery 2 60 mm Mortars(3) with 2 crew.

5 C Chinese or Korean Tank Regiment 1950 to 1953. HQ 1 T34/85 (2), 1 T34 ARV(1), or SU60 Tractor(1)

2 Battalions HQ 1 T34/85 (4)

2 Companies 3 T34/85(3)
 

Return to top of page
6 Checz 1938 to 1939. 

This is obviously a hypothetical list which represents the army at the time of Munich. At this time only the Infantry existed, the armour was ordered but not delivered. The organisation has been amended somewhat to fit the rules. Some weapons have been substituted, with correct ones listed afterwards. Infantry have no AT Grenades.

6 A Checz Regimental HQ 1938 to 1939. (May command 2 Armoured or 2 Motorised or 3 Infantry Battalions)

HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with radio, 2 Men.

For Armour & Motorised Add 1 15cwt.

For Infantry May be on horseback.

Cavalry must be on Horseback.

1 A/T Company 4 15 cwt(4) towing 37 mm M37(4) or 47 mm M36(4)

6 B Checz Infantry Battalion. 1938 to 1939.

HQ CO, 1 Man with radio, 2 Men

3 Companies 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men with Rifles.

1 Company 2 MMG with 3 crew.

For Armoured add 1 15 cwt or Praga PA 4 APC per Company and at HQ

For Motorised add 1 15 cwt per company and at HQ.

Praga PA 4 is Wheeled AFV, Defence 1, with 2 pivot MGs

6 C Checz Tank Battalion 1938 to 1939.

HQ 1 Pnz 35(t)(1) or 1 Pnz 38(t) (1) or Turan 1(1), 1 10 Tonne Wrecker(3)

3 Companies 4 Pnz 35(t) (4) or 4 Pnz 38(t) (4) or Turan 1(3)

Note : Tank designations are the most common for those vehicles. They have been used to avoid confusion.
 
 

6 D Checz Light Artillery Battalion 1938 to 1939.

HQ CO, 1 Man with radio, 2 Men in 15 cwt or on Horseback.

3 Batteries 1 Tractor or Horse team(4) towing Skoda 83.5 mm Model 18(4),

1 2 Tonne lorry(2) or wagon(2)

or 1 Tractor or Horse team(4) towing Skoda 100 mm Model 14/19(4)

1 2 Tonne lorry(2) or wagon(2)

1 FOO Team 1 15 cwt(1) carrying 1 FOO, 1 Man with radio, or on Horseback.

6 E Checz Heavy Artillery battalion 1938 to 1939.

HQ CO, 1 Man with radio, 2 Men in 15 cwt

2 Batteries 1 Tractor(4) towing Skoda 105 mm Model 35(4) or Skoda 149 mm Model 25,

2 2 tonne Lorries.

6 F Checz Cavalry Regiment 1938 to 1939. (3 in a Brigade).

HQ CO, 2 Officers, 1 Man with Radio, 2 Men all on horseback.

2 Groups CO, 1 Officers, 1 Man with radio, 2 Men on horseback.

2 Squadrons 1 Man with LMG, 6 Men with Rifles, on Horseback.

1 Squadron 2 MMG with 3 Crew on Horseback.

1 Cyclist Battalion

HQ CO, 1 Man with radio, 2 Men on Bicycles

4 Companies 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men with Rifles, on Bicycles.

1 Armd Car Squadron 4 Tatra PA.4 (4).

Return to top of page



7 Finnish Army 1939 to1944. 

A small army, which managed to hold the Russians for some eight or nine months in the winter of 1939 to 1940, and then joined Germany in their invasion of Russia in 1941. The army had little in the way of heavy weapons, most of its armour came from captured Russian sources, or later supplied by the Germans. From 1944 the Finns changed sides, and fought with the Russians.

7 A Finnish Regimental HQ 1939 to 1945. (May Command 2 Infantry Battalions and 1 Cyclist Battalion)

HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 2 Men. 7 B Finnish Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1945. HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with radio, 2 Men.

3 Companies 1 Man with LMG, 9 men with Rifles.

1 Company 3 Lahati MMG with 3 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 Horse team towing 37 mm Pak 36 A/T gun(2) with 3 crew.

1 Platoon 1 Horse carried 81 mm Mortar(3) with 3 crew.

1 Platoon 1 37 mm Mle 1916 TRP(2) with 2 crew. (1939 - 40 only)

Notes : Jager, Cyclist and Light Battalions had Bicycles in summer, and skis in snow.

From 1941 the 37mm A/T may be replaced by Russian 45 mm or Pak 38 50mm

From 1943 the A/T Guns may be Pak 40 75 mm.

7 C Finnish Tank Company 1939 to 1940 (only one was used, Renault FT17/37s were dug in as defences.) 3 T26 B2 (either captured or converted Vickers 6 tonne. ) 7 D Finnish Cavalry Brigade 1939 to 1945. (Only one of these existed). HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 2 Men mounted on Horses.

2 Regiments HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with radio, 2 Men mounted on Horses.

3 Squadrons 1 Man with LMG, 9 men with Rifles mounted on horses.

1 Squadron 3 Lahati MMG with 3 Crew mounted on horses

1 Jager Battalion HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with radio, 2 Men, on bicycles or skis.

3 Companies 1 Man with LMG, 9 men with Rifles, on bicycles or skis.

1 Company 3 Lahati MMG with 3 Crew, on bicycles or skis

1 Platoon 1 Horse team towing 37 mm Pak 36 A/T gun(2) with 3 crew.

1 Platoon 1 Horse carried 81 mm Mortar(3) with 3 crew.

Notes : Notes on A/T guns for the infantry battalion apply.

7 E Finnish Tank Regiment 1942 to 1945. HQ 1 15 cwt carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 2 Men. 2 T34/85(3) [1944 only].

2 Battalions HQ 1 T 26 B2(4) or 1 KV 1 B(2), 1 Recovery Vehicle(3)

3 Companies 3 T26 B2(5) or 2 T34/76(3) & 1 T28C(5) or 3 Pnz IV J(5)

Notes : Only one company of T34/T28 and one Company of Pnz IV may be used, Pnz IV may only be used from 1944.

7 F Assault Gun Battalion 1941 to 1945. HQ 1 BT-42(2) or Stug III G/75(2)[from 1943] 1 Recovery Vehicle(3)

3 Companies 3 BT-42(5) or Stug III G/75(5)[from 1943]

Notes : From 1943 only 1 company of BT-42 may be used, it is independent.

The BT-42 is a BT 5 or 7 with British 4.5" howitzer. Defence 2, V. Fast,

7 G Finnish Artillery Battalion.

HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with radio, 2 Men.

2 Light Batteries 1 Horse team(4) or 3 Tonne lorry(4) towing 75 mm field gun(4), 1 3 tonne Lorry(4)

1 FOO Team 1 FOO, 1 Man with radio, on horse back, or in Lt car(1).

1 Heavy Battery 1 Horse team(4) or 5 Tonne lorry(4) towing 105mm(4) or 122mm(4) or 150 mm(4) Howitzer. 1 3 Tonne lorry(2) or wagon(2).

1 FOO Team 1 FOO, 1 Man with radio, on horse back, or in Lt car(1).

Notes : The weapons used are highly variable. 75 mm came from Sweden, the US, and Norway. Russian 76 mm were captured and used in large numbers, as were the

122 mm. 105s came from France and Sweden, 150 mm (also 152s and 155s) came from France, Sweden, and Russia.

7 H Independent Finnish Units. These may be attached to any Regimental HQ.

Armoured Car Platoon 1 BA-10(5) or 1 BA-20(5) or BA-32(5), or T37 Lt Tank(5)

AA Platoon 1 Tractor(2) towing 40 mm Bofors(2) or 20 mm AA(2) [many models used]

Return to top of page



8 French 1939 to 1941. 

This organisation was used for the campaigns in Europe, and also in Syria and North West Africa. For Free French until 1943 use the British organisations, form then on use the US ones. The Mountain Corp in Italy appears to have used its own organisation, of which I have no details. There were also cavalry divisions (DLC) but again I have no details. As an approximation use the Dragoon Portees battalion replacing the motor transport with horses, but retaining the UEs. The following tables are by division, starting with DLM, then DCR and finally Infantry. In Syria H35 tank battalions and Infantry units may be used. In Tunisia Infantry and S35 or H39 tanks can be used. French Infantry have no A/T Grenades, or A/T Rifles, but the British supplied 500 Boyes A/T rifles to the French. It is doubtful that any were issued.

8 A French DLM Tank Rgt HQ. 1939 to 1940. (Commands 1 S35 and 1 H35/39 Battalion)

HQ 1 Souma S35(3)[CO], 1 2 Tonne Lorry carrying 2 Officers, 2 Men.

1 Recovery Vehicle(4).
 
 

8 B French DLM Tank Battalion 1939 to 1942. HQ 1 Souma S35(3) or H35 (3) or H39(3)

2 Companies 5 Souma S35(5) or H35 (3) or H39(5)

8 C French DLM Dragoon Portees Regiment HQ 1939 to 1941. (Controls 3 Dragoon Poortes Battalions)

HQ 1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 1 Man

1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying 2 60 mm Mortars(3), with 3 Crew.

2 Rifle Squadrons 1 2 Tonne Lorry carrying 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men.

1 Motorcycle Squadron 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men, mounted on motorcycles.

1 Cavalry Squadron 3 AMR 33 (3) or AMR 35(3) or AMC 35/47(3), or AMC 35/25(3), or ACC 38/37 or ACC 38/25(3)

1 Support Squadron 1 Field Car(1) carrying 1 FOO, 1 Man Radio,

2 2 Tonne Lorries(2) carrying 2 MMG with 2 crew.

1 2 Tonne Lorries(2) carrying 81 mm Mortar(4) with 4 Crew.

2 Renault UE(2) towing 25 mm A/T Guns(2) with 2 crew.

Note : It is possible that this unit had Boyes A/T rifles, if this is allowed add1 figure with the weapon at HQ.

8 D French DLM Recce Groupe 1939 to 1940 HQ 1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 1 Man

1 Motorcycle Squadron 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men, mounted on motorcycles.

1 Armd Car Sqdn 4 Panhard 178 A/Car (5) .

Note : 2 of these + 1 HQ of 1 Panhard A/Car(2) make up Recce Brigade of a DLM

8 E French DLM Divisional A/Tk Groupe 1939 to 1941. HQ 1 Renault UE(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 1 Man

2 Companies 3 Renault UE(4) towing 25 mm A/Tk guns(4) with 2 crew.

1 Company 3 Renault UE(4) towing 47 mm A/Tk guns(4) with 3 crew.

Note : May be detached to other battalions as companies or individual models.

8 F French DLM Divisional Artillery Groupe 1939 to 1941. HQ 1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 1 Man.

2 Lt Battalions 3 Field Cars(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio, 3 Tractors(4) towing M1897 75mm(4)

3 2 Tonne Lorries(4)

1 Medium Battalion 3 Field Cars(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio, 3 Tractors(4) towing M1936 105 mm(4)

3 2 Tonne Lorries(4)

Note : Individual battalions may be fielded. 75mm may be used in an A/Tk role.
 
 

8 G French DCR Medium Tank Regiment 1939 to 1942. HQ 1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 1 Man.

1 Recovery Vehicle(2)

2 Battalions HQ 2 R35(3) or H39(3) or Char D1B(3)

3 Companies 4 R35(3), or H39(3) or Char D1B(3).

8 H French DCR Heavy Tank Regiment 1939 to 1940. HQ 1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 1 Man. 1 Recovery Vehicle(2)

2 Battalions HQ 2 Char B1bis(3)

3 Companies 3 Char B1bis (3)

8 I French DCR Chasser Battalion 1939 to 1940 (Division only had one of these)

HQ 1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) or Lorraine Carrier(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio,

1 Man. 1 15 cwt truck(4) carrying 81 mm Mortar(4) with 4 crew.

2 15 cwt trucks(3), or Lorraine Carriers(3) carrying 60 mm Mortar(3) with 2 crew.

3 Infantry Companies 1 2 Tonne Lorry(4) or Lorraine Carrier(4) carrying 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men

1 A/T Company 3 Renault UE(4) towing 25 mm A/Tk Guns(4) with 2 Crew.

1 Recce Company 1 Panhard 178(5), 1 Man LMG, 3 Men, mounted on Motorcycles.

Note : It is possible that these units had a Boyes A/T Rifle, add 1 figure at HQ with this weapon if opponents or competition organisers agree.

8 J French DCR Divisional A/Tk Company 1939 to 1940. (Division only has one of these) 3 Renault UE(4) towing 47 mm A/Tk guns(4) with 3 crew.

Note : May be detached to other battalions as individual models.

8 K French DCR Artillery Groupe 1939 to 1941. HQ 1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 1 Man.

2 Medium Battalions 3 Field Cars(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio, 3 Tractors(4) towing M1936 105 mm(4)

3 2 Tonne Lorries(4)

Note : Individual battalions may be fielded.

8 L French Infantry Division Infantry Regimental HQ 1939 to 1942. (Use for Motorised infantry as well, has 3 Btns) HQ 1 Field Car(2) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man radio. 1 2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying 81 mm Mortar(2) with 3 Crew.

1 Man LMG, 3 Men mounted on Motorcycles.

Regimental A/T Coy 2 Renault UE(3) towing 25 mm A/Tk Guns(3) with 2 crew.

Divisional Engineer Coy 10 Men with rifles and Engineer equipment. 1 15 cwt(4) in Motorised Division.

Note : The A/T company is only in 1st Line Divisions, and a few Cat A divisions.

8 M French Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1943 HQ 1 Field Car(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio.

1 Renault UE(2) towing 25 mm A/Tk gun(2) with 2 Crew.

1 2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying 81 mm Mortar(2) with 3 Crew.

3 Infantry Companies 1 Man LMG, 9 Men.

1 MG Company 4 MMG with 2 Crew.

Note For a motorised unit add 1 15cwt(4) for each Infantry and MG company, and could have had an A/T rifle, see the 8 I for information on this .
 
 

8 N French Infantry Division Recce Battalion 1939 to 1942 HQ 1 Field Car(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio.

1 Renault UE(2) towing 25 mm A/Tk gun(2) with 2 Crew.

1 2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying 81 mm Mortar(2) with 3 Crew.

1 Motorcycle Company 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men, mounted on motorcycles.

1 Mounted Company 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men, on horseback.

1 MG Company 2 MMG with 2 Crew, on horseback.

8 O French Motorised Division Recce Regiment 1939 to 1942.

HQ 1 Field Car(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio.

1 Battalion HQ 1 Field Car(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio. 1 Panhard 178 A/Car(1)

1 A/Car Coy 3 Panhard 178 A/Car(4)

1 M/C Coy 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men, mounted on motorcycles.

1 Battalion HQ 1 Field Car(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio. 1 AMR 35(1)

1 Renault UE(2) towing 25 mm A/Tk gun(2) with 2 Crew.

1 2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying 81 mm Mortar(2) with 3 Crew.

1 M/C Coy 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men, mounted on motorcycles.

1 AMR Coy 4 AMR35(5)

1 MG Coy 1 15cwt(2) carrying 2 MMG with 2 Crew.

Note AMR 35 could be replaced with AMR 33, AMC 35, or ACC 38.

8 P French Infantry or Motorised Division Light Artillery Group 1939 to 1942. (Division has 1 of these) HQ 1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 1 Man.

3 Lt Battalions 3 Field Cars(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio,

3 Tractors(4) or Horse Teams towing M1897 75mm(4)

3 2 Tonne Lorries(4) or Horse-drawn Wagons(4).

Note Motorised divisions have tractors, infantry divisions horse tows.

8 Q French Infantry or Motorised Division Light Artillery Group 1939 to 1942. (Division has 1 of these) HQ 1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 1 Man.

2 Medium Battalions 3 Field Cars(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio,

3 Tractors(4) or Horse Teams towing Mle 1934 105 mm Howitzer(4)

3 2 Tonne Lorries(4) or Horse-drawn Wagons(4).

1 Heavy Battalion 3 Field Cars(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio,

3 Tractors(4) or Horse Teams towing Mle 1917 155 mm(4)

3 2 Tonne Lorries(4) or Horse-drawn Wagons(4).

Note Motorised divisions have tractors, infantry divisions horse tows.

8 R French Corp Artillery Groupe 1939 - 1940. HQ 1 2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 1 Man.

2 Battalions 3 Field Cars(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio,

3 Tractors(4) or Horse Teams towing 155 mm GPF(4)

3 2 Tonne Lorries(4) or Horse-drawn Wagons(4).

Note Motorised Corps have tractors, infantry divisions horse tows.

Return to top of page

9 German Formations. 

The German army fielded over 300 infantry divisions, which provided the bulk of their forces. There was a continual shortage of equipment, so units shown here are almost certainly over strength. Infantry had A/T grenades from 1941, and any artillery had HEAT rounds from then onwards. German cavalry has been ignored, some 2 - 3 divisions appeared and disappeared during the war.

In theory, a Leutnant leads a Zug (platoon or column in the German Army or Wehrmacht), although in practise,
there were rarely enough officers to go around and a Feldwebel (senior sergeant) led the Zug instead. The
platoon's second in command was an Unteroffizer (sergeant). An Obergefreiter (corporal) leads each of the three
Gruppen (plural of Gruppe or section) that made up the Zug. A Gefreiter assists each Obergefreiter in running
their section.

German tactics made the machine gun the main weapon of each Gruppe. The other soldiers (Grenadiers in
German) were there to protect the machine gun team and carry ammunition. The German Army made increasing
use of single-shot Panzerfaust anti-tank launchers as the war progressed and issued them to their individual
Gruppen.

German Gruppe

Obergefreiter - MP 40 SMG, 2 x Ammo, Grenades
Richtschutze - MG 42 + Ammo, Walther P 38 Pistol + Ammo
Zwo - Kar. 98K Rifle + Ammo, 2 x MG42 Ammo
Muni - Kar. 98K Rifle + Ammo, 2 x MG42 Ammo
Grenadier - Kar. 98K Rifle + Ammo, MG42 Ammo, Grenades
Gefreiter - Kar. 98K Rifle + Ammo, MG 42 Ammo, Grenades
Grenadier - Kar. 98K Rifle + Ammo, MG42 Ammo, Grenades
Grenadier - Kar. 98K Rifle + Ammo, MG42 Ammo, Grenades
Grenadier - Kar. 98K Rifle + Ammo, Scheissbecher Grenade Launcher, 2 x Grenade Launcher Ammo
Grenadier - Kar. 98K Rifle + Ammo, Panzerfaust

Staff sergeants, sergeants, corporals and lance corporals are collectively called Non-commissioned Officers
(NCO's).

9 A German Infantry Regiment 1938 to 1943 (may command up to 3 battalions)

HQ 1 Wagon(2) carrying radio, Mounted CO, Mounted Officer, 1 Man LMG, 3 Men.

Regimental Gun Coy 1 Mounted FOO with radio, 2 horse towed(3) 7.5 cm leIG(3),

1 Horse towed 15 cm sIG33(2).

Regimental A/T Coy 3 Protz Trucks(4) towing 3.7 cm Pak 35/6 with 2 crew.

Regimental Recce Plt 1 Man LMG, 3 Men on horseback.

Regimental Pioneer Plt 4 Men with engineer equipment.

9 B German Infantry Regiment 1943 to 1945 (may command up to 2 battalions)

HQ 1 3 Tonne Lorry((2) carrying radio, CO, 1 Man LMG, 3 Men.

Regimental Gun Coy 1 Mounted FOO with radio, 2 horse towed(3) 7.5 cm leIG(3),

1 Horse towed 15 cm sIG33(2).

Or 1 Horse Towed(4) 120 mm Mortar(4) with 4 crew replacing 7.5 and 15 cm guns.

Regimental A/T Plt 1 3 Tonne Lorry(3) towing 5 cm Pak 38(2) or 7.5 cm Pak 40(3) with 3 crew.

Regimental Recce Plt 1 Man LMG, 3 Men on horseback.

Regimental Pioneer Plt 4 Men with engineer equipment.

9 C German Infantry Battalion 1938 to 1943.

HQ 1 Wagon(1) carrying Radio(1), CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man ATR, 1 Man 50 mm Mtr,

3 Companies 1 Man LMG, 7 Men with Rifle.

1 Company 4 Tripod MG34 or 42 with 2 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 Foo, 1 Man with radio, 2 Wagons(3) carrying 8 cm Mortars(3) with 3 Crew.

9 D German Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1945. HQ 1 Wagon(1) carrying Radio(1), CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Panzershreck, 1 Man LMG.

3 Companies 1 Man LMG, 6 Men with Rifle. Has an issue of Panzerfausten.

1 Company 4 Tripod MG34 or 42 with 2 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 Foo, 1 Man with radio, 2 Wagons(3) carrying 8 cm Mortars(3) with 3 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 Horse Towed(4) 120 mm Mortar(4) with 4 crew.

9 E German Motorised Regiment HQ 1938 to 1943. (Commands 2 or 3 Battalions + M/C Battalion) HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio,

1 VW(1) carrying 1 Man LMG, 2 Men.

1 Recce Platoon 1 M/C Combination (3) with pivot MG carrying 2 Men (may dismount LMG)

1 Regimental Gun Coy 1 VW(1) carrying 1 FOO, 1 Man Radio, 2 Sdkfz 11(3) towing siG33 15 cm(3)

or 2 siG 33 auf Pnz 1(3) or 2 siG 33 auf Pnz 38(t).

9 F German Motorised Battalion 1938 to 1943. [Europe and Russia] HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio. Sdkfz 11 Recovery(3)

1 VW(1) carrying 1 Man with ATR, 2 Men with 50 mm Mortar.

3 Companies 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(4) carrying 2 Men with LMG, 6 Men.

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(3) towing 3.7 cm Pak 36(3) with 2 Crew.

or 5 cm Pak 38(3) with 3 Crew. [From 1942].

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) towing 7.5 cm leIG with 3 Crew.

Note : One company may be mounted in an Sdkfz 251/1, up to 1942.

9 G German Motorised Battalion 1941 to 1943. [Africa] HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio. 1 Sdkfz 11 Recovery(3)

1 VW(1) carrying 1 Man with ATR, 2 Men with 50 mm Mortar.

1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying 2 MG 34 on Tripods, with 3 Crew.

3 Companies 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(4) carrying 2 Men with LMG, 6 Men.

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(3) towing 3.7 cm Pak 36(3) with 2 Crew.

or 5 cm Pak 38(3) with 3 Crew. [From 1942].

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) towing 7.5 cm leIG with 3 Crew.

Note : In 1941 one company may be mounted in an Sdkfz 251/1,

if this is done add the following.

1 Platoon 1 Sdkfz 251/2(2)

9 H German Armoured Grenadier Battalion 1942 to 1945 [In Russia, Tunisia , and Europe] HQ 1 Sdkfz 251/10(4) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio. 1 Sdkfz 11 Recovery(3)

1 Sdkfz 251/1(4) carrying 1 Man with Panzershreck, 1 Man.

2 MG 34 on Tripods, with 3 Crew.

3 Companies 1 Sdkfz 251/1 carying 2 Men with LMG, 6 Men, with issue of Panzerfaust.

1 Platoon 1 Sdkfz 251/9(3), 1 Sdkfz 251/9(3).

1 Platoon 1 Sdkfz 251/2(3), 1 Sdkfz 251/2(3).

1 Platoon 1 Sdkfz 251/7 carrying 4 Men with engineer equipment.

1 Platoon 1 Sdkfz 251/3(3) towing 5 cm Pak 38(3) or 7.5 cm Pak 40(3) with 3 Crew.

[Deleted in 1944]

1 Platoon 1 Sdkfz 251/3 (2) towing 7.5 cm leIG with 3 crew.

Or 1 Sdkfz 251/3(4) towing 120 mm Mortar(4) with 4 crew. [Form 1943]

9 I German Motorised Grenadier Battalion 1942 to 1945 [All theatres]. HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio. 1 Sdkfz 11(3) Recovery 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying 2 MG 34 on Tripods, with 3 Crew. 3 Companies 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(4) carrying 2 Men with LMG, 1 Man with Panzerscherk, 6 Men.

1 Battery 2 1 1/2 Tonne Lorries(3) carrying 8 cm GW42 Mortars(3) with 3 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying 4 Men with engineer equipment.

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(3) towing 5 cm Pak 38(3) or 7.5 cm Pak 40(3) with 3 Crew.

[Deleted in 1944]

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry (2) towing 7.5 cm leIG with 3 crew.

Or 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(4) towing 120 mm Mortar(4) with 4 crew. [Form 1943]

9 J German Motorcycle Battalion 1939 to 1943. [All Theatres] (One of these per Panzer Division) HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio. 1 Sdkfz 11(3) Recovery

1 VW(2) carrying 50 mm Mortar, 1 Man ATR.

1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying 2 MG 34 on Tripods, with 3 Crew.

3 Companies 3 M/C Combinations with pivot MG(3) carrying 9 men, may dismount MGs.

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(3) towing 3.7 cm Pak 36(3) with 2 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) towing 7.5 cm leIG with 3 Crew.

9 K German Panzer Rgt HQ 1938 to 1942.

HQ 1 1 1/2 tonne Lorry(10) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 2 Men with radios.

2 Sdkfz 9 tractors(4)

May replace Lorry and passengers with 1 BePnzIII D(3) in 1942, in Russia.

1 Platoon 1 Panzer I(5) or Panzer II (5) Panzer I many only be used to 1940, model of Pnz II changes from A to J between 1939 and 1942.

1 Platoon 2 Sdkfz 7/2 (4) added in 1941.
 
 

9 L German Panzer Rgt HQ 1943 to 1945.

HQ 1 BePnz IV G/H(3) or BePanther(3), 1 Pnz IV G/J(5) or 1 Panther (4).

1 Sdkfz 9 Tractor(4), 2 BergPanzer III(4) or Bergpanther(4).

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Lorry(3) or Sdkfz 251/3(3) carrying 5 Men with engineer equipment.

1 Platoon 2 Sdkfz 7/2 (4) or 2 FlakPnz 38(t)(4), 2 Mobelwagen(4) or 2 Wirblewind(4)

Mobelwagen and Wirblewind form 1944 onwards.

9 M German Panzer Battalion 1938 to 1941. [Europe and Russia] HQ 1 BePnz I(3), or BePnzIIID(3), 1 Panzer I(5) or Panzer II A-E(5)

2 Companies 3 Pnz III D(4) or 3 Pnz 38(t)(5) or 3 Pnz 35(t)(5), 1 Pnz I(5) or Pnz II A-E(5)

1 Company 2 Pnz IVD(5), 1 Pnz II A-E( 5), may add 1 Pnz IVD(4)

Note May not mix Panzer III with Panzer 38(t) or Panzer 35(t).

For Russia in 1941 delete the Pnz I, Pnz III may be upgrded to E, F, G, or H. Pnz IV may by E or F1.

9 N German Panzer Battalion Africa March 1941 to November1942. HQ 1 BePnz III D(3), 1 Pnz II J(5), 2 Pnz III G(3), 1 Pnz IV E(2)

1 Platoon 2 Sdkfz 10/4(4).

3 Companies 3 Pnz III G(4) or Pnz III H(4), may upgarde 2 Pnz III to Pnz III J(4), 1 Pnz II J(5)

1 Company 3 Pnz IV D(4) or Pnz IV E/F1(4), may upgrade 2 Pnz IV to Pnz IV F2, 1 Pnz II J(5).

Note Upgrades to Pnz III J and Pnz IV F2 apply from June/July 1942.

9 O German Panzer Battalion Russia 1942.

HQ 1 BePnz III D(3), 2 Pnz III J(3), 1 Pnz IV F2(2), 1 Pnz II J(5)

1 Platoon 2 Sdkfz 10/4(4).

3 Comopanies 1 Pnz III H(4), 2 Pnz III J(4), or 3 Pnz III L(4) or replace Pnz III H with Pnz III N(4),

1 Pnz II J(5)

1 Company 3 Pnz IV F2(4), 1 Pnz II J(5).

Note : Any Pnz III in the companies may be 5 instead of 4.

9 P German Panzer Battalion Russia and Tunisia 1943. HQ 1 Sdkfz 251/3(2) carrying 2 Officers, 2 Men with radios.

3 Pnz IV G/H(4) or Pnz III L/M(4)

1 Platoon 2 Sdkfz 10/4(4).

4 Companies 3 Pnz IV G/H(4) or 3 Pnz III L/M(4).

9 Q German Panzer Battalion Europe and Russia 1944 to 1945. HQ 1 Pnz IV H/J(3) or Panther(3) CO, 2 Pnz IV(3) or Panther(3),

1 Pnz IV H/J(5) or Panther(5).

1 Sdkfz 251/7(3) carrying 4 Men with engineer equipment.

1 Platoon 1 Sdkfz 7/2(3) or Mobelwagen/37(3) or Ostwind(3).

3 Companies 4 Pnz IV H/J(5), or 3 Panther(4)

Note : May add 1 Company of Panzer IV, or Panther, Panthers may upgraded to 5, and an additional vehicle may be added. The organisation given is what was normally achieved, the options allow for the official organisation, it was very rare.

9 R German Heavy Tank Battalion 1942 and 1943. HQ 1 Tiger I(2) CO, 1 Pnz IIIN(2). 1 Sdkfz 9 Tractor(4)

3 Companies 2 Tiger I(4), 2 Pnz IIIN(5). May add 1 Tiger.

Note Pnz III may be omitted. This unit normally operates by independent companies.
 
 

9 S German Heavy Tank Battalion 1944 to 1945. HQ 1 Tiger I(2) CO, or 1 Tiger II(2) CO, 2 Tiger I(3), or 2 Tiger II(3).

1 Sdkfz 9 Tractor(4), or BergPanther(4)

3 Companies 3 Tiger I(4), or 3 Tiger II(4).

Note This unit normally operates by independent companies.

9 T German Divisional A/T Battalion 1938 to 1942. HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with radio,

1 M/C Combination carrying 2 Men.

3 Companies 4 Protz(3) towing 3.7 cm Pak 36(3) with 3 Crew. 1 may be replaced by 5.0 cn Pak 38.

Note : The option to upgrade 1 platoon applies to Panzer Divisions in 1940, and Infantry divisions in 1942.

1 Company 4 Protz(3) towing 20 mm AA(3) with 3 Crew. [Infantry Divisions only].

9 V German Infantry Division A/T Battalion 1942 to 1945. [Use this for Africa as well, see Notes] HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with radio,

1 M/C Combination carrying 2 Men.

1 Company 3 Marder(4) or Hetzer(4) [From 1944 only]

1 Company 4 1 1/2 Tonne Lorries(3) or Raupenschlper Ost(3) or Sdkfz 10(3)

towing 5.0 cm Pak 38(3) or 7.5 cm Pak 40(3) with 4 crew.

1 Company 3 Sdkfz 10/4(4)

Note Pak 38 and Pak 40 may be mixed. May also use 7.6 cm Pak 36(r).

9 W German Panzer & Panzer Grenadier Division A/T Battalion 1942 to 1945. HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with radio, 3 PanzerJager(3),

1 Sdkfz9 Tractor(3)

2 Companies 3 PanzerJager(4)

1 Company 3 1 1/2 Tonne Lorries(4) or Sdkfz 10(4) towing 7.5 cm Pak 40(3) with 4 crew.

Note PanzerJager may be :

1942 - 44 Any Marder.

1943 - 45 Stug III F/H

1944 - 45 JagdPnz IV, or JagdPnz IV/70 (but rare)

Heavy Panzer Jager Battalions used this basic organisation, without the towed company, and 3 SP companies. It will have Nashorn 1943 - 45, Elefant 1943- 44/5, and Jagd Panther 1944 -45. These units usually operated by company or even by platoon. Towed Heavy Battalions had Pak 43(4) or Pak 43/41(4) towed by Sdkfz 7(4)

9 X German Infantry Division Recce Battalion 1938 to 1942/3.

[From 1943/4 replace with Infantry Btn with one company on Bicycles]

HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio.

1 VW(1) carrying 1 Man with ATR, 2 Men with 50 mm Mortar.

1 Company 1 Man LMG, 7 Men with Rifle, mounted on Horses.

1 Company 1 Man LMG, 7 Men with Rifle, mounted on Bicycles.

1 Company 1 Sdkfz 221(2), 1 1 1/2 Lorry(2) towing 7.5 cm leIG (2) with 2 Crew,

1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(3) towing 3.7 cm Pak 36(3) with 2 Crew.
 
 

9 Y German Panzer/Motorised Division Recce Battalion 1938 to 1943. HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio.

1 VW(1) carrying 1 Man with ATR, 2 Men with 50 mm Mortar.

1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying 2 MG 34 on Tripods, with 3 Crew.

2 Companies 2 Sdkfz 231/6rad(3) or 2 Sdkfz 231/8rad(3), 6 Sdkfz 222(3).

1 Company 3 M/C Combinations with pivot MG(3) carrying 9 men, may dismount MGs.

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(3) towing 3.7 cm Pak 36(3) with 2 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) towing 7.5 cm leIG with 3 Crew.

Note Sdkfz 231/6rad may only be used to 1941.

9 Z German Panzer Division Recce Battalion 1943 to 1945. HQ 1 Sdkfz 251/3(3) carrying CO, 2 Officers, 3 Men with Radios.1 Sdkfz 9 Tractor(4).

HQ Company 1 Sdkfz 234/2(3), 1 Sdkfz 234/3(3), 6 Sdkfz 234/1(3)

1 Armoured Car Coy 2 Sdkfz 250/1(4) carrying 1 Officer, and 1 Man, 2 Sdkfz 250/9(4).

1 Armoured Recce Coy 1 Sdkfz 250/10(3) carrying 1 Officer, 2 Men, 3 Sdkfz 250/1(5) carrying 1 Man LMG, 4 Men.

1 Platoon 1 Sdkfz 251/1(3) towing 7.5 cm leIG or 120 mm Mortar.(Motars from 1944)

1 Platoon 1 Sdkfz 251/1(3) towing 7.5 cm Pak 40 with 3 crew, or 1 Sdkfz 234/4(3) [Very rare]

1 Platoon 2 Sdkfz 251/9(3).

1 Platoon 1 Sdkfz 251/7 carrying 1 Man LMG, 1 Man Flame Thrower, 2 Men with engineer equipment.

Note May replace Armoured Car Coy with another Recce Coy. Could also replace Sdkfz 250 with Sdkfz 251, or VW. In 1943 it could still be a Motorcycle Coy. The HQ company may be reduced by up to 3 Sdkfz 234/1, and the Sdkfz 234/2 may only be used from 1944.

9 AA German Panzer Grenadier Recce Battalion 1943 to 1945. HQ 1 VW(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio. 1 Sdkfz 9 Tractor(4). 1 1 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying 2 MG 42 on Tripods, with 3 Crew.

1 Armoured Car Coy 1 Sdkfz 234/2(2), 6 Sdkfz 222(3)

3 Companies 3 VW with pivot MG(4) carrying 1 Man LMG, 3 Men. [May dismount LMG]

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Lorry(3) towing 7.5 cm leIG(3) with 3 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 Maultier(3) towing 7.5 cm Pak 40 with 3 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 VW(3) carrying 1 Man LMG, 2 Men Flame Throwers.

Note VWs can be replaced by M/C combinations, Kettenrad, or Lorries.

9 AB German Infantry Division Artillery Regiment 1939 to 1942/3.

HQ 1 1 1/2 Lorry (1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio.

4 VW(1) carrying 1 FOO, and 1 Man Radio .

3 Lt Battalions 3 Horse Teams (4) towing 10.5 cm leFH18(4) 1 Horse-drawn Wagon (4)

1 Hvy Battalion 3 Horse Teams(4) towing 15 cm sFH18(4), 2 Horse-drawn Wagons(4)

Note Battalions may be fielded individually.
 
 

9 AC German Infantry Division Artillery Regiment 1942/3 to 1945. HQ 1 1 1/2 Lorry (1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio. 4 VW(1) carrying 1 FOO, and 1 Man Radio . 3 Lt Battalions 3 Horse Teams (4) or 2 1/2 Tonne Lorry(4) towing 10.5 cm leFH18(4)

1 Horse-drawn Wagon (4), or 1 2 1/2 Lorry(4)

1 Hvy Battalion 3 Horse Teams(3) or 5 Tonne 1/2 Track towing 15 cm sFH18(3),

2 Horse-drawn Wagons(4), or 2 1/2 Tonne Lories(4)

Note Battalions may be fielded individually. Officially Lt battalions had 1 Pak 40 replacing one of their howitzers. To do this reduce one gun to (3) and add 1 Pak 40(1). In some Divisions Russian 122 mm Howitzers were used, similarly 25dpr and US or French 105 mm or French 75mm can be substituted.

9 AD German Panzer or Motorised Division Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1943/4.

HQ 1 1 1/2 Lorry (1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio. 1 Sdkfz 9 Tractor(4)

4 VW(1) carrying 1 FOO, and 1 Man Radio .

2 Lt Battalions 3 Sdkfz 11(4) towing 10.5 cm leFH18(4) 1 2 1/2 Tonne Lorry (4)

1 Hvy Battalion 3 Sdkfz 7(4) towing 15 cm sFH18(4), 2 2 2 1/2 Tonne Lorries(4)

Note Battalions may be fielded individually. 1 Battery of 15 cm could be replaced with

10 cm K18.

9 AD German Panzer or Motorised Division Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1943/4.

HQ 1 1 1/2 Lorry (1) or Sdkfz 251/3 carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio.

4 VW(1) or Sdkfz 250/1 carrying 1 FOO, and 1 Man Radio . 1 Sdkfz 9 Tractor(4)

1 Lt Battalions 4 Sdkfz 11(3) towing 10.5 cm leFH18(4) 1 2 1/2 Tonne Lorry (4)

1 Hvy Battalion 3 Sdkfz 7(4) towing 15 cm sFH18(4), 2 21/2 Tonne Lorries(4)

1 Armoured Btn 4 Wespe(3), 2 Hummel(3), 2 21/2 Tonne Lorries(4)

Note Battalions may be fielded individually. The Armoured Battalion was frequently replaced by a second light battalion.

9 AE German Assault Gun Battalion 1939 to 1942.

HQ 1 Sdkfz 250/3 carrying CO, 1 Officer 2 Men with radios. 1 Sdkfz 9 Tractor(4)

3 Batteries 2 Stug III A-E(3)

9 AE German Assault Gun Battalion 1943 to 1945. HQ 1 Sdkfz 250/3 carrying CO, 1 Officer 2 Men with radios. 2 Stug III F/G(105mm), (3). 1 Sdkfz 9 Tractor(4)

3 Batteries 3 Stug III F or G(4) .

9 AF German Nebelwefer Regiment 1942 to 1945. HQ 1 1 1/2 Lorry (1) or Sdkfz 251/3 carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio. 1 Sdkfz 11(3) Recovery

2 Light Battalions 6 Sdkfz 11(3) towing 15 cm Nebelwerfer 41(3)

1 Heavy Battalion 6 Sdkfz 11(3) towing 21 cm Nebelwrfer 42 or 28/31cm Nebelwerfer 41(3)

Note Normally only used as single battalions, several brigades were used in the Ardennes.

Return to top of page

10 Hungarian Formations 

One of Germanys allies in 1941 and from 1942 to early 1945. The formations given here cover the later period, in 1941 the army assisted in the invasion of Yugoslavia, and supplied a small group of Mechanised Cavalry to the German invasion in 1941, withdrawn by November of that year. In 1942 and 1943 it supplied one army consisting of 3 Infantry Corps and the Hungarian 1st Armoured Division. This force was destroyed, and no further action was undertaken until January 1944. There appears to have been little change in organisation in this period. When Hungary surrendered in 1945 its forces were reorganised on Russian lines, and given Russian equipment.

Hungarian Equipment

Toldi Defence 1, 20 mm A, cx MG, Fast

Turan I Defence 4, 47 mm Czech, cMG, bMG, Fast

Turan II Defence 4, 75mm L25, cMG, bMG, Fast

Nimrod Defence 4, tw 40mm AA, Fast

Zrinyi II Defence 5, 105 mm L21, Fast

39 M Csaba Defence 1, tuHMG, Wheeld AFV.

10 A Hungarian Infantry Regiment HQ 1942 to 1945. (With 3 Battalions in Infantry, and 2 In Motorised Rgt) HQ 1 3 Tonne Lorry carrying CO, 1 Officer, 2 Men with radios.

1 A/T Company 4 Horse Teams(4) or 1 1/2 Tonne Lorries towing 3.7 cm Pak 36(4) with 3 Crew.

For Motorised formations replace may 3.7 cm with 5 cm Pak 38(4) with 4 Crew.

1 Mortar Company 2 3 Tonne Lorries(4) carrying 2 81 mm Mortars(4) with 3 crew.

1 Assault Gun Coy 3 Zyrinli(3) or 3 Stug III F(3) or Hetzer(3) [In Motorised Rgts from 1944).

Note Pak 38 may be used by any formation in 1944, and tractors must be used.

10 B Hungarian Infantry or Motorised Infantry Battalion 1942 to 1945. HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio, 1 Man with 50mm Mtr, 4 men with rifles.

3 Infantry Companies 1 Man LMG, 7 Men with Rifles.

1/2 Company 3 Men LMG, 5 Men Rifles.

1/2 Company 4 MMG with 3 Crew.

Motorised Btn adds 5 3 Tonne Lorries(2), for the companies, 1 3 Tonne Lorry(1) for HQ.

10 C Hungarian Tank Rgt HQ 1942 to 1945.

HQ 1 3 Tonne Lorry carrying CO, 1 Officer, 2 Men with radios. 2 Recovery Vehicles(3)

10 D Hungarian Tank Battalion 1942 to 1945.

HQ 1 Pnz 38(T) (2) CO, or Turan I (2) CO, or Pnz III J(2) CO. 1 Toldi II(5)

1 Pnz 38(T) (4) or Turan I(4), or Pnz IIIJ(4)

1 Turan II(4) or Pnz IV F1(4) or Pnz IVH(4).

2 Lt Tank Companies 3 Panzer 38(t) (5) or Turan I(5) or Panzer IIIJ(5).

2 Heavy Tank Coys 3 Turan II(5) or 3 Panzer IV F1(5) or 3 Panzer IV H(5).

10 E Hungarian Armoured AA Battalion 1943 to 1945.

HQ 1 Nimrod (1) CO.

3 Batteries 2 Nimrod (3).
 
 

10 F Hungarian Artillery Regiment 1942 to 1945.

HQ 1 3 Tonne Lorry carrying CO, 1 Officer, 2 Men with radios

5 VW(1) carrying FOO and 1 Man Radio. 1 Recovery Vehicle(3)

2 Light Battereis 2 Horse Teams(4) or Tractors(4) towing 75mm Guns(4) with 4 crew, or

10.5 cm leFH18(4), 1 Wagon(4) or 3 tonne Lorry(4).

1 Medium Battery 1 Tractor(4) towing 10.5cm leFH18(4) or 15 cm sFH18(4), 1 3 tonne Lorry(4)

1 AA Battery 2 Tractors(3) towing 40 mm Bofors(3)

1 A/T Battery 2 Tractors(3) towing 7.5 cm Pak 40(3) with 4 crew [from late 1943).

Note Individual batteries may be used, with 1 FOO, AA and A/T battery may be used on table.

10 G Hungarian Infantry Division Recce Battalion. 1942 to 1945 HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio, 4 men with rifles, 1 Casa 39M A/Car(5).

3 Infantry Companies 1 Man LMG, 7 Men with Rifles.

10 H Hungarian Armoured Division Recce Battalion. 1942 to 1945. HQ 1 3 tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with Radio, 4 men with rifles.

1 Infantry Company 1 3 tonne lorry(2) carrying 1 Man LMG, 7 Men with Rifles.

1 A/Car Company 3 Casa 39M A/Car(4).

Return to top of page

11 Italian Formations.

The least well prepared of the major powers in Europe, the Italians have unfairly become the but of many jokes. Much of the equipment was elderly, particularly the artillery, whilst the tanks tended to be a generation behind those of their enemies. The bulk of the army fought in North Africa and was effectively destroyed by May 1943. The corp supplied to the Eastern Front ceased to exist in the counterattack following Stalingrad. Only 2 armoured divisions were committed to action, in North Africa, there were some 6 more held back in Italy, these could substitute Souma S35 for the M13/40. Infantry lacked A/T grenades. The organisations shown were retained by Fascists units after 1943, those fighting on the Allied side used American organisation, with mostly American equipment, although some British weapons were supplied.

11 A Italian Infantry Regiment HQ 1938 to 1943. (2 or 3 Battalions, only 2 in a Black Shirt Regiment)

HQ CO, 3 Officers, 1 Man with radio, 5 Men.

1 Mortar Company 3 81 mm Mortars(3) with 4 crew.

1 Gun Company 2 Tractors(4) towing 65mm Cannone da 65/17(4) with 4 Crew

or 47mm Cannone da 47/32 modello 35(4) with 3 Crew.

11 B Italian Bersiglerli Regiment HQ 1938 to 1943. (2 Battalions + Close Support Btn, see Notes) HQ 1 15cwt(2) carrying CO, 3 Officers, 1 Man with radio, 5 Men.

1 Motorcycle Company 1 Man LMG, 7 Men mounted on Motorcycles.

1 Close Sp Btn HQ 1 15cwt(2) carrying CO, 3 Officers, 1 Man with radio, 5 Men.

3 Companies 2 Tractors(4) towing 47mm Cannone da 47/32 modello 35(4) with 3 Crew.

1 Company 2 Tractors(4) towing 20mm AA, with 3 crew.

Note : If the alternative Bresaglerli Companies are used the Close Support Btn is deleted.
11 C Italian Infantry Battalion 1938 to 1943.

HQ CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 2 Men 45 mm Mortar, 1 20mm ATR with 2 crew.

3 Infantry Companies 1 Man LMG, 8 Men Rifles.

1 MG Company 2 MMG with 3 Crew.
 
 

11 D Italian Bersiglerli Battalion 1938 to 1943.

HQ 1 15cwt(2) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, 2 Men 45 mm Mortar,

1 20mm ATR with 2 crew.

3 Companies 1 15cwt(4) carrying 1 Man LMG, 7 Men rilfes.

Or 1 15cw(1) carrying 1 Man LMG , 3 Men, 1 15cwt(1) carrying MMG with 3 Crew.

1 15cwt(3) towing 20mm AA(3) with 3 crew,

1 15 cwt(3) towing 45 mm(3) with 4 crew.

If this is used the MG coy, and Close Support Btn may not be, it appeared in 1942.

1 MG Company 1 15cwt(3) carrying 2 MMG with 3 crew.

11 E Italian Tank Regiement 1938 to 1943 (Initially 1 Medium Btn, up to 4 Lt Battalions, later 3 Medium Btn)

HQ 1 M11/39(2) CO, or 1 M13/40 CO or M15/42(2) CO. See notes for Medium Btn

1 Recovery Vehicle(4)

1 AA Company 2 Tractors(4) towing 20mm AA, with 3 crew. 11 F Italian Medium Tank Battalion 1939 to 1943.

HQ 1 M11/39(5) CO, or M13/40(5) CO, or M15/42(5) CO,

1 M11/39(5), or M13/40(5) or M15/42(5), 1 CV33/lf Flamethrower(4)

3 Companies 3 M11/39(5) or M13/40(5) or M15/42(5).

Note M11/39 was used until December 1940, M13/40 from December 1940 to 1943, and M15/42 in 1943, on Sicily only.

11 G Italian Light Tank Battalion 1938 to 1942. HQ 1 L3/33(4)CO, 1 L3/33(4), 2 L33/38(3)

3 Companies 3 L3/33(4).

Note Infantry Divisions in Russia had one of these attached

11 H Italian Armoured Division Close Support Battalion 1941 to 1943. HQ 1 15cwt(2) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio

1 Tank Company 3 L6/40(4)

2 A/T Companies 2 Tractors(4) towing 47mm Cannone da 47/32 modello 35(4) with 3 Crew.

Or 2 Semoventte/47.(4)

Note An Infantry Division has 1 A/T Company, with no recce company.

11 I Italian Semoventte Battalion 1941 to 1943. HQ 1 Semoventte 75/18 OP(2) CO (unarmed vehicle)

2 Batteries 1 Semoventte 75/18(5)

11 J Italian Infantry Division Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1943. (Division has 2 of these) HQ 1 15cwt(3) carrying CO, 1 officer, 2 Men with radio.

2 Lt Battalions 1 15cwt(2) carrying CO, 1 officer, 2 Men with radio.

3 15cwt (1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio.

3 Tractors(4) towing 75mm Cannone 75/27 modello 12(4).

1 Medium Battalion 1 15cwt(2) carrying CO, 1 officer, 2 Men with radio.

3 15cwt (1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio.

3 Tractors(4) towing 105 mm Sokda Model 14/19(4).

1 or 2 AA Batteries 2 Tractors(4) towing 20mm AA(4) with 3 Crew. (2nd company applies in N. Africa)

Note Individual Battalions may be fielded. AA companies may be used on table.
 
 

11 K Italian Armoured Division Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1943. HQ 1 15cwt(3) carrying CO, 1 officer, 2 Men with radio.

2 Lt Battalions 1 15cwt(2) carrying CO, 1 officer, 2 Men with radio.

3 15cwt (1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio.

3 Tractors(4) towing 75mm Cannone 75/27 modello 12(4).

1 Medium Battalion 1 15cwt(2) carrying CO, 1 officer, 2 Men with radio.

3 15cwt (1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio.

3 Tractors(4) towing 105 mm Sokda Model 14/19(4).

4 Lt AA Batteries 2 Tractors(4) towing 20mm AA(4) with 3 Crew.

1 Heavy AA Btn 2 90mm AA mounted on Lorries(4) or Semoventte 90(4).

Note Individual Battalions may be fielded. The Heavy AA Btn may be used for A/T fire. Lt AA companies may be used on table.

Return to top of page


12 Japanese Formations

Of the major powers the Japanese were the most disorganised. Although there were official organisations for divisions they were most frequently honoured in the breach. The major portion of the army was committed to mainland China and Manchuria, and in 1939 was given a rude shock at the hands of the Russians. The Western Allies met the more lightly equipped, if extremely high morale forces. Only one or two Armoured divisions were formed, and most armour acted as independent companies, or regiments.

12 A Japanese Infantry Regiment HQ 1936 to 1945. (Has 3 Btns if divisional, may have up to 6 if Independent)

HQ 1 Wagon with radio(1), CO, 1 Officer, 2 Men all on horse back.

1 Regimental Gun Bty 1 Mounted FOO, 1 Horse Team(4) towing 75mm Type 41(4) with 4 Crew.

1 Mortar Coy 2 81 or 90 mm Mortars(4) with 3 Crew, or 1 150 mm Mortar(4), with 5 crew.

12 B Japanese Infantry Battalion 1936 to 1945. HQ CO, 1 Officer, 4 Men, 1 Wagon with Radio(1), 2 Men with 50 mm Mtr,

1 20mm ATR with 2 crew.

3 or 4 Companies 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men with rifles.

1 MG Company 1 MMG with 4 crew.

1 Platoon 1 Horse towed(2) 70 mm IG(2) with 2 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 Horse towed(2) 37mm Type 94 A/T Gun(2) with 2 crew.

From 1943 may replace 37mm with 47mm Type 1 with 3 crew.

12 C Japanese Motorised Regiment HQ1936 to 1945. (Has 3 Btns) HQ 1 11/2 Tonne Truck(2) with radio(1), carrying CO, 1 Officer, 2 Men.

1 Regimental Gun Bty 1 Field Car(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man with radio

1 2 1/2 tonne Lorry(4) towing 75mm Type 41(4) with 4 Crew.

12 D Japanese Motorised Infantry Battalion 1936 to 1945. HQ 1 1 1/2 Tonne Truck(1) with Radio carrying CO, 1 Officer, 4 Men,

2 Men with 50 mm Mtr, 1 20mm ATR with 2 crew.

3 Companies 1 2 1/2 Tonne Lorry(4) carrying 1 Man with LMG, 9 Men with rifles.

1 MG Company 1 2 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying 1 MMG with 4 crew.

1 Platoon 1 2 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) towing 70 mm IG(2) with 2 Crew.

1 Platoon 1 2 1/2 Tonne Lorry(2) towing 37mm Type 94 A/T Gun(2) with 2 crew.

From 1941 may replace 37mm with 47mm Type 1 with 3 crew.

12 E Japanese Tank Brigade HQ 1936 to 1945. (Commands 3 Tank Regiments) HQ 1 Type 95 HA-GO(3) CO, 1 Recovery Tractor(3) 12 F Japanese Armoured Division Tank Regiment 1942 to 1945. HQ 1 Type 37 Shi Ka(2) CO, 1 Type 95 Ha Go(4), 1 Type 95 Ha Go(4),

1 Type 97 Chi Ha(4), or Type 97 Chi Ha Shinto(4).

4 Medium Squadrons 4 Type 97 Chi Ha(4), or Type 97 Chi Ha Shinto(4).

If using Type 97 Chi Ha Shinto two may be replaced by Type 1 Chi-He(4)

1 Lt Squadron 3 Type 98 Ki Ni(4) or Type 95 Ha Go(4).

Note This unit may be used independantly, for a hypotheical invasion of Japan the tanks may be Type 3, but only 60 of these were produced.

12 G Japanese Armoured Division Recce Regiment. 1942 to 1945. HQ 1 1 1/2 Tonne Truck(1) with Radio carrying CO, 1 Officer, 4 Men,

2 Lt Squadrons 3 Type 98 Ki Ni(4) or Type 95 Ha Go(4).

1 Medium Squadron 2 Type 97 Chi Ha(5) or Type 97 Chi Ha Shinto(5).

1 A/T Squadron 3 1 1/2 Tonne Lorries(4) towing 47 mm Type 1(4) with 3 crew.

12 H Japanese Infantry Division Tank Regiment 1936 to 1945. HQ 1 Type 89(4) CO or Type 97 Chi Ha(4) CO,

2 Type 94(3) or Type 97 Te Ki(3) or Type 95 Ha Go(3)

2 Medium Squadrons 4 Type 89(4) or Type 97 Chi Ha(4) or Type 97 Chi Ha Shinto(4)

1 Lt Squadron 3 Type 94(3) or Type 97 Te Ke(3) or Type 95 Ha Go(3).

Notes Vehicle dates are :

Type 89 - to 1943.

Type 97 Chi Ha from 1939 to 1944.

Type 97 Chi Ha Shinto form 1942 to 1945.

Type 94 to 1944.

Type 97 Te Ki from 1937.

Type 95 Ha Go from 1937.

The Light squadron may be used independently.

12 I Japanese Divisional A/T Regiment 1936 to 1945. (Infantry use Horses, & only in China) HQ 1 1 1/5 Tonne Lorry(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio.

Or 1 Wagon with Radio, CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, on Horse back.

3 Batteries 3 1 1/2 Tonne Lorries(4) or Horse Teams(4) towing 37mm Type 94 with 3 Crew.

From 1941 may upgrade to 47 mm Type 1 with 3 crew.

12 J Japanese Infantry Divisional Artillery Regiment 1936 to 1945. HQ 1 Wagon with Radio, CO, 3 Men, 2 FOO all on Horseback.

2 Battalions HQ 1 Wagon with Radio, CO, 2 Men.

3 Batteries 2 Horse Teams(3) towing 75 mm Type 38(3) or 105 mm Type 91 with 4 Crew.

Note 105 mm can only be used in China. Battalions would normally be used independently.

12 K Japanese Armoured Divisional Artillery Regiment 1942 to 1945. HQ 1 1 1/2 Tonne Truck(1) with Radio carrying CO, 1 Officer, 4 Men,

3 Field Cars(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio.

3 Batteries 2 Tractors(3) towing 105 mm Type 91 with 4 Crew.

Note 1 Battery may be used with 150 mm Type 96 with 5 Crew.
 
 

12 L Japanese Cavalry Brigade 1936 to 1945. HQ 1 Wagon with Radio, CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, on Horse back.

2 Regiments HQ 1 Wagon with Radio, CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man Radio, on Horse back. 2 Men with 50 mm Mortars on Horseback,

1 Horse towed(2) 37 mm Type 94 with 3 mounted crew.

3 Squadrons 2 Men with LMG, 8 Men with rifles, on Horses.

1 MG Sqdn 1 MMG with 4 crew on Horses.

1 AA Company 1 Horse towed(4) 20 mm AA(4) with 3 Mounted Crew.

1 A/T Company 3 Horse Teams(4) towing 37mm Type 94(4) with 3 Mounted Crew.

1 Artillery Regt. 1 Mounted FOO, 2 Horse Teams(4) towing 75 mm Type 38(4) with 4 mounted Crew.

1 Lt Tank Squadron 3 Type 94(3) or Type 97 Te Ke(3) or Type 95 Ha Go(3).

Note 1 Regiment may be used with an Infantry Division as its recce unit.

Return to top of page

13 Polish Formations.

A much more effective army than the 1939 campaign has given credit for. It was largely an infantry force, with two motorised brigades, and a large cavalry arm. There were also several armoured trains. Despite rumours to the contrary Polish cavalry did not charge German tanks with lance. Infantry did not have A/T grenades, but were well equiped with A/T rifles. From 1940 the Poles in the West followed British organisations, and from 1942 in the East Russian ones.

Polish Vehiles :

Vickers 6 tonne Type B Defence 1, 3pdr(use French 37mm L33), cx mg, Fast.

Tk3 and TkS Defence 1, b MG , fast, some with b 20mmA.

7 TP Defence 1, 2 tuMG. Fast

7 TPM Defence 1, 37mmL38(use Pak 36), Fast.

7 TPI Defence 2, 37mmL38(use Pak 36), Fast.

Wz 34 Defence 0, tuMG, Wheeled AFV.

13 A Polish Infantry Regiment HQ 1939. (Commands 3 Battalions) HQ 1 Wagon carrying radio(2), CO, 1 Officer, 3 Men all on Horseback.

1 Platoon 4 Men with engineer equipment.

1 Gun Platoon 1 Horse team(2) towing 1 75mm M1928(2) with 4 Crew.

13 B Polish Infantry Battalion 1939. HQ 1 Wagon carrying radio(1), Mounted CO, Mounted Officer.

1 Man with ATR, 1 Horse towed(3) 37 mm Boforts A/T(3) with 3 Crew,

1 81 mm Mortar(2) with 3 Crew. 1 Man with 50 mm Mortar.

3 Rifle Companies 1 Man with LMG, 7 Men with Rifles.

1 MG Company 3 MMG with 3 Crew.

Note For a Motorised Battalion delete the Bofors A/T, add 1 3/4 Tonne Truck(4) to the companies, and 1 3/4 tonne Truck(2) to the HQ.

13 C Polish Infantry Division Recce Battalion 1939.

HQ 1 Wagon carrying radio(1), Mounted CO, Mounted Officer

1 Company 1 Man with LMG, 7 Men with Rifles. Mounted on Horses.

1 Company 4 TkS(3). 1 May be TkS/20mm.

13 D Polish Motorised Brigade HQ 1939.(Commands 2 Tank Battalions, 1 Motorised Battalion) HQ 1 3/4 Tonne Truck with Radio carrying CO and 1 Officer, 1 7 TPM(2)

1 A/T Company 3 3/4 Tonne Trucks(3) towing 37 mm Bofors A/T(3), with 3 Crew.
 
 

13 E Polish Tank Battalion 1939. HQ 1 TPM(4) CO or R35(4)CO, 2 TPM(4) or R35(4). 1 Recovery Vehicle(1)

3 Companies 3 TPM(4) or 3 R35(4).

Note Only one battalion had R35, and these were not used in action.

Independent Companies existed, if Vickers 6 Tonne the vehicles are (5), if Renault FT they are (4)

13 F Polish Cavalry Brigade HQ 1939. (Commands 3 or 4 Cavalry Regiments, and 1 Infantry Battalion) HQ 1 Wagon carrying radio(2), CO, 1 Officer, 3 Men all on Horseback.

1 Mounted FOO

1 Horse Battery 3 or 4 Horse towed (4) 75 mm M1928(4) with 4 Mounted Crew.

1 Cyclist Company 1 Man with LMG, 7 Men with Rifles mounted on bicycles.

Note the horse battery must be fielded on table. 1 Model may be used per Regiment used.

13 G Polish Cavalry Regiment 1939. HQ 1 Wagon carrying radio(2), CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man with ATR, 1 Man with 50mm Mtr all on Horseback.

4 Squadrons 1 Man with LMG, 7 Men with Rifles. Mounted on Horses.

1 MG Squadron 3 MMG with 3 Crew on Horse back.

1 Troop 1 Horse team(3) towing 37 mm Bofors A/T with 3 mounted crew.

13 H Polish Cavalry Brigade Recce Battalion (may also be used with a Mechanised Brigade)

HQ 1 3/4 Tonne Truck with Radio(1) carrying CO, 1 Officer, 1 Man.

1 A/Car Squadron 3 Wz 34(4)

1 Company 4 TkS(3). 1 May be TkS/20mm.

13 I Polish AA Battery 1939.

2 3 tonne Lorries(3) towing 40 mm Bofors AA(3).

13 J Polish Infantry Division Artillery Regiment 1939.

HQ 1 Wagon with Radio(2), Mounted CO, Mounted Officer, 3 Mounted FOO.

2 Lt Battalions 3 Horse Teams(4) towing 75 mm M1928(4) with 4 crew. 1 Wagon(2)

1 Medium Battalion 3 Horse Teams(4) towing 100 mm Skoda Howitzers(4) with 4 Crew. 1 Wagon(2)

Note Heavy regiments had 100 & 105 mm guns, or 150 mm Howitzers, These were in very short supply and no more than 1 Battalion may be used.

Motorised units replace the horse tows and Wagons with Lorries. They have only the 2 Lt battalions, with 1 105 mm Howitzer added.
 
 

Return to top of page

14 Russian Formations.

The Russian army and its disadvantages and advantages are by now well known. Some of its limitations are built into the Back to Basics rules, and Tiger for that matter. To recap these here, the Russians only trained their infantry to use one small arm, so losing the ability to re-man MGs mortars or A/T rifles. Much of the artillery fired over open sights rather than using indirect fire more normal in the other major armies. This caused heavy losses to the guns. The direct fire doctrine was reinforced by the appearance of assault artillery such as the SU-122, SU-152, and ISU-152. Russian Infantry carried large quantities of explosive, so have A/T grenades at all times. A/T rifles should not be used prior to 1941.

14 A Russian Rifle Regiment HQ 1938 to 1945. (Has 2, 3 or 4 Battalions, may have a Tank Btn from 1943)

HQ 1 11/2 Tonne Lorry(2) carrying CO, 1 Commissar, 1 Man with radio. 1 Mounted FOO

1 Gun Company 2 Horse Teams(3) towing 76 mm M1927(3) with 4 crew. 1 Wagon(3)

Or

1 Mortar Company 2 Horse Teams(3) towing 120 mm M38 Mortars(3) with 4 Crew. 1 Wagon (3)

1 A/T Company 3 Horse Teams (2) towing 37 mm Model 30(2), or 47 mm Model 32(2) with 3 Crew.

In 1943 may upgrade to 45 mm Model 1942 or 57 mm Model 1943.

1 AA Platoon 1 HMG(3) on AA Mount with 3 Crew

Note For a Motorised Brigade HQ replace Horse Teams with 1 1/2 Tonne Lorries.

14 B Russian Rifle and Motorised Battalion 1938 to 1942. HQ 1 Wagon with a Radio(1), CO, 1 Commissar, 1 14.5 mm ATR with 2 Crew,

1 Man with 50 mm Mortar,

1 Horse Team(2) towing 37 mm M1930(2) or 45 mm M1932(2) with 2 Crew.

3 Infantry Companies 1 Man LMG, 6 Men with Rifles.

1 MG Company 4 MMG with 3 Crew,

1 LMG Company 3 Men with LMG, 3 Men with Rifles.

1 Mortar Battery 2 82 mm M38 Mortars(3) with 4 crew.

Note The MG and LMG companies are a split of the Battalion Support company. The LMG company may be split among the Infantry Companies. For a Motorised Battalion replace the Horse Teams and Wagons with 11/2 Tonne Lorries of the same strength. Add 1 vehicle to each company, of strength 4. Increase the strength of the A/T gun and Mortars to 4. This is a full strength unit, many battalions had lower strengths of support weapons. From 1943 delete 50 mm Mortar and add another 82 mm Mortar.

14 C Russian Tank Brigade HQ 1938 to1941 (Has 3 Lt or Medium battalions, 1 Motorised Battalion) HQ 1 T28(1) CO, 2 BT 5/7(2), or 1 BT5/7(2) CO or 1 T26 B2(2) CO. 2 SU 60 Tractors(3)

2 Recce Companies 1 BA-10(2) or T38(2), 3 BA-10(4) or T38(4)

Note This formation was officially reorganised in 1940, the process was still in train in 1941.

Medium Brigades have T28/BT HQ, Lt brigades either BT or T26 HQ.

14 D Russian Medium Tank Battalion 1938 to 1941. HQ 1 T28(3) CO, 1 BT 5/7(3), 2 T28(3)

3 Medium Companies 4 T28(3)

1 Light Company 4 BT 5/7(3).

Note T28s may be of any model. Battalions may be of mixed types.

14 E Russian Light Tank Battalion 1938 to 1941.

HQ 1 BT5/7(3) CO, or T26(4) CO, 2 BT5/7(3) or T26(3), 1 BT 7A(2)

4 Companies 3 or 4 BT5/7(3) or T26(3)

Note Any model of T26 may be used. Battalions have either BTs or T26, if T26 the BT 7A is deleted. Infantry Divisions had a Battalion of T26s to 1941.
 
 

14 F Russian Tank Corp Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1941. HQ 1 11/2 Tonne Lorry(1) with Radio carrying CO, Commissar, 2 Men.

3 Cars(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man Radio.

2 Lt Battalions 6 Tractors(3) towing 76mm Zis3(3) with 4 Crew. 1 5 tonne Lorry(4)

1 Medium Battalion 3 Tractors(4) towing 122 mm Model 38(4) with 4 Crew. 1 5 Tonne Lorry(4)

Note Lt battalions may be used on table, and may used for A/T fire.

14 G Russian Infantry Division Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1941. HQ 1 11/2 Tonne Lorry (1)with Radio carrying CO, Commissar, 2 Men.

5 Mounted FOO.

3 Lt Battalions 4 Horse Teams(4) towing 76 mm Model 02/30(4) or 76 mm Zis 3(4) with 4 Crew.

1 Wagon(4)

2 Medium Battalions 4 Horse Teams(4) towing 122mm 1910/30(4) or Model 38(4) with 4 Crew

1 Wagon(4)

1 Heavy Battalion 4 Horse Teams(4) towing 152 mm 1910/34(4) or Model 1937(4) with 6 Crew

2 Wagons(4).

Note The Lt and Medium Battalions may be used on table.

14 H Russian Infantry Divisional Recce Battalion 1938 to 1941/2. HQ 1 11/2 Tonne Lorry (1)with Radio carrying CO, Commissar, 2 Men.

1 Company 1 11/2 Tonne Lorry(4) carrying 1 Man LMG, 6 Men with Rifles.

1 Armoured Car Coy 1 BA-10(2) or T38(2), 3 BA-10(4) or T38(4).

Note Infantry Divisions had one of these, many were missing.

14 I Russian Tank Brigade September 1941 to May 1942. (This unit counts as a Battalion unless SMG Btn is added) HQ 1 T34/76A(2), CO, 1 11/2Tonne Lorry with radio(1) carrying Commissar, 2 Men.

1 T34/76(A)(2), 1 T26B2(2). 2 SU 60 Tractors(2)

2 Companies 2 T34/76 A or B(3)

2 Companies 3 T26 B2(3)

1 Company 2 KV 1(5).

Or

2 Companies 2 KV 1(2), 1 model may be replaced by KV II.

Note If 2 companies of KV are used add 1 KV 1(2) to the HQ.

T26 B2 is the official vehicle, BTs and any other T26 could be used.

14 J Russian Tank Brigade June 1942 to July 1943. (This unit counts as a Battalion unless SMG Btn is added) HQ 1 T34/76(4) CO, 1 T60(2), or 1 T70(2) 2 SU 60 Tractors(2)

3 Companies 3 T34/76(3)

1 Company 3 T60(3) or 3 T70(3).

1 Recce Company 1 Man with LMG, 3 Men with SMG on Motorcycles or M/C Combinations.

Note If SMG battalion uis added the unit is reorganised as follows :

HQ T34 is reduced to 2. Add 2 Btn HQs, 1 of 1 T34(2), 1 of T60/T70(2),

T34 Btn HQ commands 2 T34 Companies, T60/70 HQ 1 T34 & 1 T60/70 Company.

14 K Russian Tank Brigade HQ July 1943 to May 1945. HQ 1 T34/76 or T34/85(2), 1 T34/76(3), 1 BA 64(3) 2 SU 60 Tractors(3).

1 Recce Company 1 Man with LMG, 3 Men with SMG on Motorcycles or M/C Combinations.

Note Recce company is deleted if the second T34 at HQ is used.
 
 

14 L Russian Medium Tank Battalion July 1943 to May 1945. HQ 1 T34/76 F(3 or 4) CO. Or T34/85(4) CO, or T44(4) CO

2 or 3 Companies 3 T34/76F(3) or 3 T34/85(3) or T44/85(3)

Note T34/76 battalions may have 2 or 3 Companies, if 2 Companies the HQ tank is strength 3, otherwise Strength 4.

T34/85 may be used form November 1943, T44 in May 1945.

This unit may substitute M4A2 and M4A2/76 Shermans.

14 M Russian SMG Battalion September 1942 to May 1945.

HQ 1 Officer, 1 Commissar, 2 Men with A/T Rifle in Jeep(3).

3 SMG Companies 6 Men with SMG & 1 Man with LMG. In 1 1 1/2 tonne lorry(3).

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne lorry(3) carrying 6 men operation 2 MMG

1 Battery 3 1 1/2 Tonne lorries (3)each carrying 3 men with 82 mm Mtr

1 Platoon 1 1 1/2 Tonne lorry(4) towing 45 mm or 57 mm A/T(4) with 3 Crew. Note To 1943 delete 1 Lorry & Mortar from the mortar battery, upgrade the HQ Jeep to a

11/2 tonne lorry(1), and add 1 Man 50 mm Mortar, the A/T gun must be 45 mm.

One Company may replace its Lorry with an APC(4), in 1942 use BA-10 APC, in 1943 to 1945 use an M3 Scout Car, in1944 may use M3 1/2 Track.

The unit is attached to AT Regimens, Tank Brigades, Heavy Tank and Heavy SP AT or Assault Regiments. SMG Companies in units attached to Armoured units may ride on one Tank company.

14 N Russian Tank Corp Recce Battalion November 1943 to May 1945.

HQ 1 T34/76 or 85(2) CO, 1 BA 64B(5) 1 SU 60 Tractor(2).

1 Tank Company 3 T34/76(3) or T34/85(3)

1 Infantry Company 3 Universal Carriers(3) each carrying 1 Man LMG, 3 Men with SMG.

14 O Russian Heavy Tank Regiment 1942 to 1945.

HQ 1 KV 1(5) CO, or KV 85(5) CO or IS II(5) CO, 2 SU 60 Tactors(2)

4 Tank Companies 2 KV 1(2) or 2 KV 85(2), or 2 IS II(2)

Note KV 1 to 1943, KV 85 1943 to 1945, IS II from 1944.

14 P Russian SP A/T Regiment 1943 to 1945.

HQ 1 SU 76(5)CO or SU57(5)CO SU 76i(5)CO, or SU 85(5)CO or Su100(5)CO.

1 SU 60 Tractors(2)

4 Batteries 2 SU 76(2) or SU57(2), SU 76i(2) or SU85(2), or SU 100(2).

Note SU 76, and SU 76I may be used from 1943

SU 57 may be used from 1943, this is a lend lease M3/57mm AT.

SU 85 may be used from 1944.

SU 100 may be used from December 1944.

SU 76 and SU 76i units may not have SMG battalions.

Batteries may be used independently.

14 Q Russian Heavy Mechanised Artillery Regiment 1943 to 1945. HQ 1 SU152(5)CO, or1 ISU152(5)CO, or 1 ISU122(5)CO. 2 SU 60 Tractors(2)

4 Batteries 2 SU152(2), or ISU152(2) or ISU122(2)

Note ISU 122 & 152 may be used from December 1943.

Batteries may be used independently.

14 R Russian Motorised A/T Regiment 1942 to 1945. HQ 1 11/2Tonne Lorry with radio(1) carrying CO, Commissar, 2 Men.

2 Battalions 3 Tractors(4) towing 76 mm Zis 3(4) or 57 mm Zis 2(4) with 4 Crew.

Note Battalions may be used independently.

14 S Russian Tank Corp or Infantry Division Artillery Regiment 1942 to 1945.

HQ 1 11/2Tonne Lorry with radio(1) carrying CO, Commissar, 2 Men.

3 Cars(1) carrying FOO, 1 Man with Radio, or 3 Mounted FOO

2 Lt Battalions 3 Tractors(4) or Horse Teams(4) towing 76 mm Zis 3 or Model 39(4), with 4 Crew 1 Lorry(4) or Wagon(4).

1 Medium Battalion 3 Tractors(4) or Horse teams(4) towing 122 mm 1910/30 or Model 1938(4)

with 5 Crew, 1 Lorry or Wagon.

Note Tractors are compulsory for Tank Corps, and became common in infantry units Independent artillery divisions had very varied composition.

Mortars in batteries of 2 120 mm, or 160 mm mortars(3), with tractors.

Light Brigades had 2 Regiments of 3 Lt battalions as above, these would be motorised.

Howitzer Brigades had 2 Regiments of 2 Medium Battalions, with 122 mm Howitzers, and 1 battalion of 152 mm Gun Howitzers.

Gun Brigades could have 122 mm, 152 mm or 203 mm weapons in 3 battalions.

14 T Russian Rocket Launcher Regiment July 1941 to 1945. HQ 1 11/2Tonne Lorry with radio(1) carrying CO, Commissar, 2 Men.

3 Battalions 2 BM-13(4) or M-8(4).

14 V Russian Cavalry Division 1942 to 1945. (Actually a Brigade sized unit) HQ 1 11/2Tonne Lorry with radio(1) carrying CO, Commissar, 2 Men,

2 Mounted FOO.

2 Mortar Batteries 2 Horse Towed(3) 120 mm Mortars(3) with 4 crew.

1 Recce Squadron 6 Men with SMG & 1 Man with LMG mounted on horses.

3 Regiments HQ 1 11/2Tonne Lorry with radio(1) carrying CO, Commissar, 2 Men,

4 Squadrons 6 Men with SMG & 1 Man with LMG mounted on horses.

1 Battery 2 Wagons(3) each carrying 2 81 mm Mortars with 3 crew.

1 Battery 1 Horse team(4) towing 76 mm M1927/43 with 4 mounted crew.

1 Platoon 1 Horse team(4) towing 45 mm Mod 42(4) or 57 mm Zis 2(4) with 3 crew.

1 Platoon 2 14.5 mm ATR with 2 Crew mounted on Horse Back.

1 Platoon 1 HMG on AA mount with 3 mounted crew.

1 Tank Btn HQ 1 T34/76 F(5) CO.

4 Companies 3 T34/76F(3) or 3 T34/85(3) or T44/85(3)

Note It is possible that the Calvary had rifles rather SMG. May add a Lt Arty Regt 1n 1943.

Return to top of page
Return to Main Generation Hero Page